This product provides the data set of key variables of the water cycle of major Arctic rivers (North America: Mackenzie, Eurasia: Lena from 1971 to 2017, including 7 variables: precipitation, evapotranspiration, surface runoff, underground runoff, glacier runoff, snow water equivalent and three-layer soil humidity, which are numerically simulated by the land surface model vic-cas developed by the project team. The spatial resolution of the data set is 0.1degree and the temporal resolution is month. This data set can be used to analyze the change of water balance in the Arctic River Basin under long-term climate change, and can also be used to compare and verify remote sensing data products and the simulation results of other models.
ZHAO Qiudong, WANG Ninglian, WU Yuwei
The dataset includs borehole core lithology, altitude survey, soil thickness and slop measurement, hydrogeological survey, and hydrogeophysical survey in the Maqu catchment of the Yellow River source region in the Tibetan Plateau. The borehole lithology data is from the 2017 drilled borehole ITC_ Maqu_ 1; altitude survey was carried out using RTK in 2019; Soil thickness and slope data were collected by auger and inclinometer in 2018 and 2019; hydrogeological survey includes groundwater table depth measurements in 2018 and 2019, and aquifer test data obtained in 2019; hydrogeological survey includes Magnetic Resonance Sounding (MRS) , Electrical Resistivity Tomography (ERT) , Transient Electromagnetic (TEM) , and magnetic susceptibility measurements. MRS and ERT surveys were conducted in 2018. TEM and magnetic susceptibility measurements were carried out in 2019.
LI Mengna, ZENG Yijian, Maciek W. LUBCZYNSKI, BOB Su, QIAN Hui
The data set records the statistical table of groundwater level dynamic changes in various monitoring areas of Qinghai Province from 2015 to 2018. The data are recorded from the Department of natural resources of Qinghai Province, and the data set contains four data tables, which are: the statistical table of groundwater level dynamic change in each monitoring area of Qinghai Province in 2015, the statistical table of groundwater level dynamic change in each monitoring area of Qinghai Province in 2016, the statistical table of groundwater level dynamic change in each monitoring area of Qinghai Province in 2017, and the statistical table of groundwater level dynamic change in each monitoring area of Qinghai Province in 2018 The data table has the same structure and contains 7 fields Field 1: "geographic location" Field 2: "basic balance area (km2)" Field 3: "percentage of monitoring area (%)" Field 4: "weak descent area (km2)" Field 5: "percentage (%) of monitored area" Field 6: "strong uplift area (km2)" Field 7: "percentage (%) of monitored area"
Department of Natural Resources of Qinghai Province
Chinese Cryospheric Information System is a comprehensive information system for the management and analysis of cryospheric data over China. The establishment of Chinese Cryospheric Information System is to meet the needs of earth system science, and provide parameters and verification data for the development of response and feedback models of permafrost, glacier and snow cover to global changes under GIS framework. On the other hand, the system collates and rescues valuable cryospheric data to provide a scientific, efficient and safe management and analysis tool. Chinese Cryospheric Information System selected three regions with different spatial scales as its main research areas to highlight the research focus. The research area along the Qinghai-Tibet highway is mainly about 700 kilometers long from Xidatan to Naqu, and 20 to 30 kilometers wide on both sides of the highway. The datasets of the Tibetan highway contains the following types of data: 1. Cryosphere data.Including: snow depth distribution. 2. Natural environment and resources.Include: Digital elevation topography (DEM) : elevation elevation, elevation zoning, slope and slope direction; Fundamental geology: Quatgeo 3. Boreholes: drilling data of 200 boreholes along the qinghai-tibet highway. Engineering geological profile (CAD) : lithologic distribution, water content, grain fraction data, etc 4. Model of glacier mass equilibrium distribution along qinghai-tibet highway: prediction of frozen soil grid data. The graphic data along the qinghai-tibet highway includes 13 map scales of 1:250,000.The grid size is 100×100m. For details, please refer to the documents (in Chinese): "Chinese Cryospheric Information System design. Doc", "Chinese Cryospheric Information System data dictionary. Doc", "Database of the Tibetan highway. Doc".
Arctic 1:100,000 stream data set includes Arctic_River vector space data and related attribute data of different grades within the arctic range: Name and Type. The data comes from the 1:100,000 ADC_WorldMap global data set, which is a comprehensive, up-to-date and seamless geographic digital data after the data quality inspection of topology, warehousing and other data. The world map coordinate system is latitude and longitude, WGS84 datum surface, and the arctic data set is the special projection parameter for the arctic (North_Pole_Stereographic).
The near surface atmospheric forcing and surface state dataset of the Tibetan Plateau was yielded by WRF model, time range: 2000-2010, space range: 25-40 °N, 75-105 °E, time resolution: hourly, space resolution: 10 km, grid number: 150 * 300. There are 33 variables in total, including 11 near surface atmospheric variables: temperature at 2m height on the ground, specific humidity at 2m height on the ground, surface pressure, latitudinal component of 10m wind field on the ground, longitudinal component of 10m wind field on the ground, proportion of solid precipitation, cumulative cumulus convective precipitation, cumulative grid precipitation, downward shortwave radiation flux at the surface, downward length at the surface Wave radiation flux, cumulative potential evaporation. There are 19 surface state variables: soil temperature in each layer, soil moisture in each layer, liquid water content in each layer, heat flux of snow phase change, soil bottom temperature, surface runoff, underground runoff, vegetation proportion, surface heat flux, snow water equivalent, actual snow thickness, snow density, water in the canopy, surface temperature, albedo, background albedo, lower boundary Soil temperature, upward heat flux (sensible heat flux) at the surface and upward water flux (sensible heat flux) at the surface. There are three other variables: longitude, latitude and planetary boundary layer height.
This set of data is the simulation result of the newly developed land eco-hydrological model CLM_LTF.This model is on top of the land-surface process model CLM4.5 developed by NCAR, coupling the groundwater lateral flow module and considering the role of human irrigation. The model runs from 1981 to 2013, with a spatial resolution of 30 arc seconds (0.0083 degrees), a time step of 1,800 seconds, and a simulation range of the heihe river basin.Air force in 1981-2012 is used by the Chinese academy of sciences institute of the qinghai-tibet plateau of qinghai-tibet plateau more layers of data assimilation and simulation center development areas of China high space-time resolution ground meteorological elements drive data set, air is forced to use 2013 national meteorological information center of wind pressure high resolution made by the wet precipitation temperature radiation data set.The land cover data is a 1km land cover grid data set for the MICLCover heihe river basin, and the irrigation data is shown in "monthly 30-arcsecond resolution surface water and groundwater irrigation data set for the heihe river basin 1981-2013" of the scientific data center for cold and dry regions.The mode output is the monthly average. The document is described as follows: Groundwater depth data: heihe_zwt.nc 2cm soil moisture data: heihe_h2osoi_2cm. nc 100cm soil moisture data: heihe_h2osoi_100cm.nc Evaporation data: Heihe_evaptanspiration. Nc The data is in netcdf format.There are three dimensions, which are month, lat, and lon. Where, month is a month, and the value is 0-395, representing each month from 1981 to 2013. Lat is grid latitude information, and lon is grid longitude information. The data is stored in the data variable. The underground water depth data is in m, the soil moisture data is in m^3/m^3, and the evapotranspiration data is in mm/month
Through e-Sense / diver hydrological monitoring equipment and dynamic remote monitoring system, the hydrological monitoring data of key stations in Heihe River Basin in the three years from 2013 to 2015 in non freezing period are obtained, mainly including the temperature and water level of three groundwater (Qilian station, Linze station, Ejina station) and six river surface water (Yingluoxia station, Gaoya station, Zhengyixia station, shaomaying station, langxinshan station, Juyanhai station) According to the data, the time resolution is 1H.
1、 Data Description: data includes doc and DIC values of river water and groundwater in hulugou small watershed from July to September 2015. The sampling frequency is once every two weeks. 2、 Sampling location: (1) there are two river water sampling points. The first sampling point is located at the hydrological section at the outlet of hulugou Small Watershed at the upper reaches of Heihe River, with the longitude and latitude of 99 ° 52 ′ 47.7 ″ E and 38 ° 16 ′ 11 ″ n. The second sampling point of the river is located at the outlet of hulugou area II at the upper reaches of Heihe River, with the longitude and latitude of 99 ° 52 ′ 58.40 ″ E and 38 ° 14 ′ 36.85 ″ n. (2) Underground water spring and well water sampling points. The spring sampling point is located at 20 m to the east of the drainage basin outlet, with the longitude and latitude of 99 ° 52 ′ 50.9 ″ E and 38 ° 16 ′ 11.44 ″ n. The well water sampling point is located near the intersection of the East and West Branch ditches, with the longitude and latitude of 99 ° 52 ′ 45.38 ″ E and 38 ° 15 ′ 21.27 ″ n. 3、 Test method: Doc and DIC values of samples were measured by oiaurora 1030w TOC instrument, detection range: 2ppb c-30000ppm C.
MA Rui , HU Yalu
The data includes the county-level data of characteristic agriculture distribution in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau, which lays the foundation for the spatial distribution and development of characteristic agriculture in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau.
MA Rui , HU Yalu
1、 Data Description: the data includes the samples of anions and anions of river water and groundwater in hulugou small watershed from July to September 2015 for test and analysis. The sampling frequency is once every two weeks. 2、 Sampling location: (1) there are two river water sampling points. One is located at the outlet flow weir of hulugou small watershed in the upper reaches of Heihe River, with latitude and longitude of 99 ° 52 ′ 47.7 ″ E and 38 ° 16 ′ 11 ″ n. The second sampling point of the river is located at the outlet of hulugou area II at the upper reaches of Heihe River, with the longitude and latitude of 99 ° 52 ′ 58.40 ″ E and 38 ° 14 ′ 36.85 ″ n. (2) Underground water spring and well water sampling points are 20 m to the east of the drainage basin outlet, with longitude and latitude of 99 ° 52 ′ 50.9 ″ E and 38 ° 16 ′ 11.44 ″ n. The well water sampling point is located near the intersection of the East and West Branch ditches, with the longitude and latitude of 99 ° 52 ′ 45.38 ″ E and 38 ° 15 ′ 21.27 ″ n. 3、 Test method: the cation of sample is tested by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometer (ICP-AES), the test accuracy is 0.05mg/l, and the anion is tested by ion chromatograph (ics1100), the test accuracy is 0.002mg/l.
MA Rui , HU Yalu
The data sets of 2005-2007, heihe river middle reaches area of underground water level monitoring value, contains the shandan bridge, children's pawn, fountain, the king of the brake, big full, PCCW main canal, under the new ditch, Shi Gangdun, Ann, under the qin dynasty, the stockade, taiping fort, yue jia pfe, zhang ye, liao home fort, Yang's farm village, railway stations, three gates, tile kiln, xiejiawan, under the cliff, meteor smoke, oasis, xiguan, ShaJingZi, river hydrological station 3 years of monthly average water level.The data are from the hydrological yearbook. Due to the lack of data, the average water level data of some hydrological stations are missing.
HU Litang, XU Zongxue
Agricultural irrigation, which accounts for about 80% of human water consumption, is the most important part of human water resources management and closely related to human survival and development.Irrigation is also an important part of the water cycle. Large-scale irrigation can affect the water cycle and even the local climate by affecting evapotranspiration.Excessive diversion of irrigation water will lead to unsustainable utilization of water resources, and at the same time, will reduce river flow and aquifer water reserves, thus harming the ecological environment. Therefore, determining the spatial and temporal distribution and variation of irrigation is critical to studying past human water use, the impact of irrigation on ecological and hydrological processes, the environment and climate, and the development of future irrigation plans. By integrating the irrigation amount of channel diversion water and irrigation amount of groundwater intake from different data sources, and combining the evapotranspiration data of land surface model CLM4.5 simulation and remote sensing inversion, a set of spatio-temporal continuous surface water and groundwater irrigation amount data set with spatial resolution of 30 arcseconds (0.0083 degrees) on the scale of 1981-2013 in heihe river basin was made. It has been verified that this data set has a high reliability from 2000 to 2013, and a lower reliability from 1981 to 1999 than from 2000 to 2013 due to the absence of remote sensing data and the absence of soil utilization changes. The document is described as follows: Monthly surfacewater irrigation volume file name: monthly_surfacewater_irrigation gation_1981-2013.nc Monthly groundwater_irrigation gation_1981-2013.nc The data is in netcdf format.There are three dimensions, which are month, lat, and lon. Where, month is a month, and the value is 0-395, representing each month from 1981 to 2013. Lat is grid latitude information, and lon is grid longitude information.
1. Data Overview: This data includes groundwater buried depth observation datal from 4 observation points in Ganzhou District of Zhangye Basin in the middle reaches of the Heihe River (The nursery garden of Xindun Town, Suijia temple of Xindun Town, the Wuzhi management house of Dangzhai Town, Shangqin Station of Shangqin Town). The data was obtained from July 12, 2012 to July 5,2014. 2. Data Content: The HOBO water level sensor is installed in the underground well, which is mainly used to monitor the dynamic change of groundwater level in Ganzhou District of Zhangye. The data contents are absolute air pressure (kPa), temperature (°C), and groundwater depth (m). The data was recorded hourly. 3. Time and Space Range: The geographical coordinates of the nursery garden well of Xindun Town (1559 m) : Longitude 100°20.8′E; Latitude: 38°54′N; The geographical coordinates of Suijia temple well of Xindun Town(1518 m) : Longitude: 100°23.9′E; Latitude: 38°54.1′N; The geographical coordinates of Wuzhi management house well of Dangzhai Town (1675 m): Longitude: 100°30.7′E; Latitude: 38°52.8′N; The geographical coordinates of Shangqin Station well of Shangqin Town(1480 m): Longitude: 100°31.7′E; Latitude: 38°54.5′N. Note: The number in brackets is elevation.
The data include the collection of elements and isotopes of river water and groundwater (including spring water) in hulugou small watershed of Heihe River. Sampling location: (1) There are two river water sampling points, one of which is located at the outlet weir of hulugou small watershed in the upper reaches of Heihe River, with longitude and latitude of 99 ° 52 ′ 47.7 ″ E and 38 ° 16 ′ 11 ″ n. The second sampling point is located at the outlet of hulugou area II in the upper reaches of Heihe River, with longitude and latitude of 99 ° 52 ′ 58.40 ″ E and 38 ° 14 ′ 36.85 ″ n. (2) The sampling points of groundwater spring and well water are located at 20m to the east of the drainage basin outlet, with longitude and latitude of 99 ° 52 ′ 50.9 ″ E and 38 ° 16 ′ 11.44 ″ n. The well water sampling point is located near the intersection of East and West Branch ditches, with longitude and latitude of 99 ° 52 ′ 45.38 ″ E and 38 ° 15 ′ 21.27 ″ n. Data Description: 1. Doc and DIC values of river water and groundwater at the outlet of hulugou small watershed from July to September 2014 were analyzed. The DOC and DIC values of the samples were tested by oiaurora 1030w TOC instrument, and the detection range was 2ppb c-30000ppm C. 2. From July to September 2014, the δ D and δ 18O values of precipitation, river water and groundwater in hulugou small watershed were measured by Picaro l2130-i ultra-high precision liquid water and water vapor isotope analyzer. The results were expressed by δ values relative to the international standard material v-smow, with the measurement accuracy of 0.038 ‰ and 0.011 ‰ respectively. 3. Doc values of river water and soil water at the outlet of hulugou small watershed from May to September 2013 were determined by analytikjena multi n / C 3100 total nitrogen and total carbon tester. 4. Doc and DIC values of river water and groundwater at the outlet of hulugou small watershed from July to September 2014 were measured by oiaurora 1030w TOC instrument, and the detection range was 2ppb c-30000ppm C.
MA Rui , CHANG Qixin
1、 Data Description: the data includes the observation data of groundwater level in the delta area of hulugou small watershed from July 24, 2014 to September 11, 2014, with the monitoring frequency of 1H / time. 2、 Sampling location: the groundwater level observation point is located at the top of the alluvial proluvial fan in front of the delta mountain, with the coordinates of 99 ° 52'45.38 "E, 38 ° 15'21.27" n.
It mainly includes the field soil moisture, groundwater level, soil physical properties, temperature, flux, plant growth, soil nutrients, trunk stem flow, farmland microclimate, soil profile water content and other observation data.
The data set is the contour map of the diving level in the middle reaches of heihe main stream, which contains the diving level profile of the middle reaches of heihe main stream in 2005, 2006 and 2007. It is made by arcgis as a vector map.Contains attributes such as length, elevation and thickness of equal water level line.Its scope is: Left: 604028.6599 right: 645635.1531 Above: 4333504.1090 below: 4296403.637
Data source: simulation results of the Heihe groundwater model from Tsinghua University; Summary of content: 2003-2012 simulation water level of the observation well : the letters indicate the area where the observation well is located (L-Linze, Z-Zhangye, G-Gaotai, J-Jinta, E-Ejina), and the number indicates the number of the observation well. Time range: 2003-2012 month data
This project is based on the gsflow model of USGS to simulate the surface groundwater coupling in Zhangye basin in the middle reaches of Heihe River. The space-time range and accuracy of the simulation are as follows: Simulation period: 1990-2012; Simulation step: day by day; The spatial scope of simulation: Zhangye basin; The spatial accuracy of simulation: the underground part is 1km × 1km grid (5 layers, the total number of grids in each layer is 150 × 172 = 25800, among which the active grid 9106); the surface part is based on the hydrological response unit (HRU) (588 in total, each HRU covers an area of several square kilometers to dozens of square kilometers). The data include: surface infiltration, actual evapotranspiration, average soil moisture content, surface groundwater exchange, shallow groundwater level, simulated daily flow of Zhengyi gorge, simulated monthly flow of Zhengyi gorge, groundwater extraction and river diversion
Contact SupportNorthwest Institute of Eco-Environment and Resources, CAS 0931-4967287 email@example.com
LinksNational Tibetan Plateau Data Center