Qilian Mountains integrated observatory network: Dataset of Heihe integrated observatory network (an cosmic-ray observation system of soil moisture of Daman Superstation, 2018)

Qilian Mountains integrated observatory network: Dataset of Heihe integrated observatory network (an cosmic-ray observation system of soil moisture of Daman Superstation, 2018)

This dataset includes data recorded by the Heihe integrated observatory network obtained from a Cosmic-ray Soil Moisture Observing System for soil moisture observation at the Daman Superstation from January 1 to December 31, 2018. The site (100.372° E, 38.856° N) was located on a cropland (maize surface) in the Daman irrigation area, which is near Zhangye city, Gansu Province. The elevation is 1556 m. The bottom of the probe was 0.5 m above the ground; the sampling interval was 1 hour.

The raw COSMOS data include the following variables: battery (Batt, V), temperature (T, C), relative humidity (RH, %), air pressure (P, hPa), fast neutron counts (N1C, counts per hour), thermal neutron counts (N2C, counts per hour), sample time of fast neutrons (N1ET, s), and sample time of thermal neutrons (N2ET, s). The distributed data include the following variables: Date, Time, P, N1C, N1C_cor (corrected fast neutron counts) and VWC (volume soil moisture, %), which were processed as follows:

1) Data were removed and replaced by -6999 when (a) the battery voltage was less than 11.8 V, (b) the relative humidity was greater than 80% inside the probe box, (c) the counting data were not of one-hour duration and (d) neutron count differed from the previous value by more than 20%; 2) An air pressure correction was applied to the quality-controlled raw data according to the equation contained in the equipment manual; 3) After the quality control and corrections were applied, soil moisture was calculated using the equation in Zreda et al. (2012), where N0 is the neutron counts above dry soil and the other variables are fitted constants that define the shape of the calibration function. Here, the parameter N0 was calibrated using the in situ observed soil moisture by SoilNET within the footprint; 4) Based on the calibrated N0 and corrected N1C, the hourly soil moisture was computed using the equation from the equipment manual. Moreover, suspicious data were marked in red.

For more information, please refer to Liu et al. (2018) (for sites information), Zhu et al. (2015) for data processing) in the Citation section.

File naming and required software

Year+** observatory network+ site+ COSMOS

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Cite as:

Zhu, Z., Xu, Z., Li, X., Che, T., Tan, J., Ren, Z., Zhang, Y. (2019). Qilian Mountains integrated observatory network: Dataset of Heihe integrated observatory network (an cosmic-ray observation system of soil moisture of Daman Superstation, 2018). A Big Earth Data Platform for Three Poles, DOI: 10.11888/Hydro.tpdc.270764. CSTR: 18406.11.Hydro.tpdc.270764. (Download the reference: RIS | Bibtex )

Related Literatures:

1. Liu, S.M., Li, X., Xu, Z.W., Che, T., Xiao, Q., Ma, M.G., Liu, Q.H., Jin, R., Guo, J.W., Wang, L.X., Wang, W.Z., Qi, Y., Li, H.Y., Xu, T.R., Ran, Y.H., Hu, X.L., Shi, S.J., Zhu, Z.L., Tan, J.L., Zhang, Y., & Ren, Z.G. (2018). The Heihe Integrated Observatory Network: A Basin-Scale Land Surface Processes Observatory in China. Vadose Zone Journal, 17(1), 180072. doi:10.2136/vzj2018.04.0072.( View Details | Download | Bibtex)

2. Wang, Binbin, Ma, Yaoming, Chen, Xuelong, Ma, Weiqiang, Su, Zhongbo, Menenti, Massimo. Observation and simulation of lake-air heat and water transfer processes in a high-altitude shallow lake on the Tibetan Plateau. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 2015, 120(24):2015JD023863. doi:10.1002/2015JD023863( View Details | Bibtex)

Using this data, the data citation is required to be referenced and the related literatures are suggested to be cited.

References literature

1.Han, X.J., Jin, R., Li, X., Wang, S.G., (2014). Soil Moisture Estimation Using Cosmic-Ray Soil Moisture Sensing at Heterogeneous Farmland. IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, 11(9), 1659-1663. (View Details )

2.Jiao, Q.S., Zhu, Z.L., Liu, S.M., et al. (2013). Research and application of cosmicray fast neutron method to measure soil moisture in the field [J]. Advances in Earth Science, 28(10), 1136-1143. (View Details | Download )

Support Program

Pan-Third Pole Environment Study for a Green Silk Road-A CAS Strategic Priority A Program (No:XDA20000000)


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Geographic coverage
East: 100.37 West: 100.37
South: 38.86 North: 38.86
  • Temporal resolution: Hourly
  • File size: 1 MB
  • Views: 8336
  • Downloads: 51
  • Access: Requestable
  • Temporal coverage: 2018-01-17 To 2019-01-16
  • Updated time: 2021-04-19
: ZHU Zhongli   XU Ziwei   LI Xin   CHE Tao   TAN Junlei   REN Zhiguo   ZHANG Yang  

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