Data Overview: Zhangye's channels are divided into five levels: dry, branch, bucket, agricultural and Mao channels, of which the agricultural channels are generally unlined. Mao channels are field projects, so the three levels of dry, branch and bucket channels and a small part of agricultural channels are mainly collected. The irrigation canal system data includes 2 main canals (involving multiple irrigation districts), 157 main canals (within a single irrigation district), 782 branch canals and 5315 dou canals, with a total length of 8, 745.0km. Data acquisition process: remote sensing interpretation and GPS field measurement are adopted for data acquisition of irrigation canal system. Direct GPS acquisition channel is the most effective method, but the workload of GPS acquisition channel is too large, and we only verify the measurement in some irrigation areas. The main method is to first collect the manual maps of irrigation districts drawn by each water pipe. Most of these maps have no location, only some irrigation districts such as Daman and Shangsan have been located based on topographic maps, and some irrigation districts in Gaotai County have used GPS to locate some channels. Referring to the schematic diagram of the irrigation district, channel spatial positioning is carried out based on Quikbird, ASTER, TM remote sensing images and 1: 50000 topographic maps. For the main canal and branch canal, due to the obvious linear features on remote sensing images and the general signs on topographic maps, it can be located more accurately. For Douqu, areas with high-resolution images can be located more accurately, while other areas can only be roughly located according to fuzzy linear features of images and prompt information of irrigation district staff, with low positioning accuracy. Each water management office simultaneously provides channel attribute data, which is one-to-one corresponding to spatial data. After the first draft of the channel distribution map is completed, it is submitted twice to the personnel familiar with the channel distribution of each water pipe for correction. The first time is mainly to eliminate duplication and leak, and the second time is mainly to correct the position and perfect the attribute data. Description of data content: The fields in the attribute table include code, district and county name, irrigation area name, channel whole process, channel name, channel type, location, total length, lined, design flow, design farmland, design forest and grass, real irrigation farmland, real irrigation forest and grass, water right area, and remarks. Code example: G06G02Z15D01, where the first letter represents the county name, the 2nd and 3rd numbers represent the county (district) number, the 4th to 6th characters represent the trunk canal code, the 7th to 9th characters represent the branch canal code, and the 10th to 12th characters represent the dou canal code.
According to the principle of optimization of water diversion scheme and the economic, social and ecological development status of Heihe River Basin, the following three optimization schemes of water diversion scheme are proposed. In Scheme 1, the water consumption in the middle reaches is 630 million m3 in each coming year. In Scheme 2, the water consumption in the middle reaches is 180 million m3 and 60 million m3 in 90% and 75% coming years respectively. In Scheme 3, when the water consumption in Yingluo Gorge is more than 1.9 billion m3, the water consumption in excess of 1.9 billion m3 is distributed by 40% in the middle reaches and 60% in the lower reaches. At the same time, in order to maintain the annual average inflow of 1.58 billion m3 from Yingluo Gorge, 950 million m3 from Zhengyi Gorge, and when the inflow of Yingluo Gorge is less than 1.29 billion m3, 60% of the inflow of less than 1.29 billion m3 will be distributed in the middle reaches and 40% in the lower reaches.
Through the questionnaire survey of different water users in Zhangye City, the data on the implementation of water-saving society construction policies in Zhangye City are sorted out. The survey is mainly carried out on farmers and urban residents in all counties under Zhangye City's jurisdiction. The main contents include: people's awareness of water resources, water pollution, water-saving policies and willingness to participate in water conservation; The social and economic situation, gender, age, educational level, occupation, etc. of the interviewees. Survey objects: urban and rural residents over 18 years old in Minle County, Shandan County, Ganzhou District, Linze County, Gaotai County and Sunan County of Zhangye City.
Data Overview: The spatial distribution data of mining wells in Zhangye City are provided by Zhangye Municipal Water Affairs Bureau, including 6,228 mechanized wells in agriculture, industry, forestry, life, scientific research and other 6 types. Data acquisition process: Zhangye Municipal Water Affairs Bureau entrusts the Hydrogeological Engineering Geological Survey Institute of Gansu Provincial Bureau of Geology and Mineral Resources to be responsible for special investigation of the data of mining wells in Zhangye City. The special survey of mining wells takes the irrigation area as a unit, uses hand-held GPS to locate the coordinates of the wells, and establishes the information card of mining wells through investigation and visit. A total of 7,429 eyes of various wells were surveyed. Among them, 6228 mining wells are still in use; 1201 wells were abandoned at the time of investigation. Description of data content: The attribute table contains information of mining well number, coordinates, location, water intake purpose, mining well type, well depth at the time of investigation, pumping flow, annual mining volume, rated flow, quality evaluation, matching quality evaluation and comprehensive quality evaluation fields.
Based on the historical documents, the changes of water resources management organization and management system in Heihe River Basin are sorted out. In this paper, the historical records of water resource management institutions, official positions and their positions, water resource management laws and regulations, and water affairs contradictions in the Heihe River Basin since the Western Han Dynasty are reviewed. From the Western Han Dynasty to the 1950s.
The annual report (2008 and 2009) of the Zhangye water conservancy bureau included: (1) the water management staff statistics; (2) irrigation statistics; (3) projects status statistics; (4) project management statistics; (5) the technical and economic index of the irrigation area management; (6) water management tasks status statistics; (7) water management planning index. Those provide reliable information for water resources analysis in the middle stream.
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