This data includes the general layout of the reconstruction project of the middle reaches of the Heihe River, and describes in detail the water diversion flow, irrigation area and other data of each diversion outlet in the middle reaches of the Heihe River. It is attached with the statistical table of the current situation of the diversion portal (listing the diversion form, bank type, irrigation area name, irrigation area name and diversion flow of all diversion portal), the statistical table of the relative distance of the reconstructed diversion portal in the middle reaches (including the relative distance between the reconstructed diversion portal and Zhengyi gorge, bank type and the distance from the previous one), and the general layout plan of the combined reconstruction of the diversion portal (including the combined one Water diversion type, bank type, irrigation area name, irrigation area and water diversion flow) There is no vector format for the data, we only collect JPG format, with a diversion channel table.
This data set contains the element content data of a deep drilled formation near the open sea in the middle reaches of Heihe River. The borehole is located at 99.432 E and 39.463 n with a depth of 550m. The element scanning analysis was carried out at 1-3cm intervals for the drilled strata. The scanning was completed in the Key Laboratory of Western Ministry of environmental education, Lanzhou University, and 38705 effective element data were obtained.
This data set contains a deep drilling paleomagnetic age data near the open sea in the middle reaches of Heihe River. The borehole is located at 99.432 E and 39.463 n with a depth of 550m. The samples of paleomagnetic age were taken at the interval of 10-50 cm. The paleomagnetic test was carried out in the Key Laboratory of Western Ministry of environmental education of Lanzhou University. The primary remanence of the samples was obtained by alternating demagnetization and thermal demagnetization, and the whole formation magnetic formation was obtained by using the primary remanence direction of each sample, and then the sedimentary age of the strata was obtained by comparing with the standard polarity column. The results show that the bottom boundary of the borehole is about 7 Ma and the top boundary is 0 ma.
The survey data of vegetation quadrat in the middle reaches of Heihe River consists of the field survey data in 2013 and 2014, including the vegetation and soil data of the survey quadrat. The data of each survey sample includes the following information: sample longitude and latitude, sample size, elevation, sample overview, plant name, plant height, crown width, coverage, total coverage, number of trees, plant spacing, row spacing, large row spacing, DBH. The soil is divided into 6 layers according to 0-100cm below the ground, which are 0-10cm, 10-20cm, 20-40cm, 40-60cm, 60-80cm and 80-100cm respectively.
Since the formation of Heihe River, sporopollen data samples have been collected from the drilling strata of Da'ao well in the middle reaches of Heihe River. Drilling location: 39.491 n, 99.605 E. The drilling depth is 140 meters. 128 samples of sporopollen are collected from top to bottom. At present, there are 19 data of sporopollen results, which are distributed in each sedimentary facies from top to bottom. The sporopollen samples were removed from carbonate, organic matter, silicate and other impurities in the laboratory, and the species and data of sporopollen were identified under the microscope. Sporopollen results mainly include the percentage content and number of trees, shrubs, herbs, aquatic, ferns and other families and genera.
Since the formation of heihe, palynology data samples were collected from the borehole formation of dasunken well in the middle reaches of heihe.Borehole location: 39.491 n, 99.605 e.The borehole has a depth of 140 meters and 18 palynological samples are collected from top to bottom. Currently, there are 3 palynological results, which are distributed in each sedimentary phase from top to bottom.Impurities such as carbonate, organic matter and silicate were removed from palynology samples in the laboratory, and the palynology types and data were identified under the microscope.Palynology results mainly included the percentage and number of trees, shrubs, herbs, aquatic and ferns.
DEM (digital elevation model) is the abbreviation of digital elevation model, which is an important original data for watershed terrain and feature recognition. The principle of DEM is to divide the watershed into M rows and N columns of quadrilateral (cell), calculate the average elevation of each quadrilateral, and then store the elevation in a two-dimensional matrix. Because DEM data can reflect the local terrain features of a certain resolution, a large amount of surface morphology information can be extracted by DEM, which includes the slope, slope direction and the relationship between cells of watershed grid unit . At the same time, the surface water flow path, river network and watershed boundary can be determined by certain algorithm. Therefore, to extract basin features from DEM, a good basin structure model is the premise and key of the design algorithm.
The distribution map of irrigation area and main and branch canals in Heihe River basin includes the main irrigation area and the distribution of all main and branch canals in Heihe River Basin. The irrigation area mainly includes Luocheng irrigation area, Youlian irrigation area, Liuba irrigation area, Pingchuan irrigation area, liaoquan irrigation area, Liyuan River irrigation area, yannuan irrigation area, Banqiao irrigation area, Shahe irrigation area, Xijun irrigation area, Yingke irrigation area, Daman irrigation area, Maying River irrigation area, shangsan irrigation area, Xinba irrigation area and Hongyazi irrigation area. The distribution map of main and branch canals includes all the main canals and branch canals of these 16 irrigation areas.
The land use / land cover data set of Heihe River Basin in 2011 is the Remote Sensing Research Office of Institute of cold and drought of Chinese Academy of Sciences. Based on the remote sensing data of landsatm and ETM in 2011, combined with field investigation and verification, a 1:100000 land use / land cover image and vector database of Heihe River Basin is established. The data set mainly includes 1:100000 land use graph data and attribute data in the middle reaches of Heihe River Basin. The land cover data of 1:100000 (2011) in Heihe River Basin and the previous land cover are classified into six first-class categories (cultivated land, forest land, grassland, water area, urban and rural residents, industrial and mining land and unused land) and 25 second-class categories by the same hierarchical land cover classification system. The data type is vector polygon and stored in shape format. Land cover classification attributes: Level 1 type level 2 type attribute code spatial distribution location Cultivated land: plain dry land 123 is mainly distributed in basin, piedmont, river alluvial, proluvial or lacustrine plain (poor irrigation conditions due to water shortage). The upland and land 122 is mainly distributed in the hilly area, and generally, the plot is distributed on the gentle slope of the hill, as well as on the top of the ridge and the base. The dry land 121 is mainly distributed in the mountainous area, the hillside (gentle slope, hillside, steep slope platform, etc.) and the Piedmont belt below 4000 m above sea level. Woodland: there are woodland (Arbor) 21 mainly distributed in high mountains (below 4000 meters above sea level) or middle mountain slopes, valley slopes, mountain tops, plains, etc. Shrub land 22 is mainly distributed in the higher mountain area (below 4500m), most of which are hillside, valley and sandy land. Sparse forest land 23 is mainly distributed in mountainous areas, hills, plains and sandy land, Gobi (Loamy, sandy conglomerate) edge. Other forest lands 24 are mainly distributed around the oasis ridge, riverside, roadside and rural residential areas. Grassland: high cover grassland 31 is generally distributed in mountainous area (gentle slope), hilly area (steep slope), river beach, Gobi, sandy land, etc. The middle cover grassland 32 is mainly distributed in dry areas (low-lying land next door and land between Sandy Hills, etc.). Low cover grassland 33 mainly grows in dry areas (loess hills and sand edge). Water area: channel 41 is mainly distributed in plain, inter Sichuan cultivated land and inter mountain valley. Lake 42 is mainly distributed in low-lying areas. Reservoir pond 43 is mainly distributed in plain and valley between rivers, surrounded by residential land and cultivated land. Glaciers and permanent snow cover 44 are mainly distributed on the top of (over 4000) mountains. The beach land 46 is mainly distributed in the valley, piedmont, plain lowland, the edge of river lake basin and so on. Residential land: urban land 51 is mainly distributed in plain, mountain basin, slope and gully platform. Rural residential land 52 is mainly distributed in oasis, cultivated land and roadside, tableland, slope, etc. Industrial and mining land and traffic land 53 are generally distributed in the periphery of cities and towns, more developed traffic areas and industrial mining areas. Unused land: sand 61 is mostly distributed in the basin, both sides of the river, the river bay and the periphery of the mountain front Gobi. Gobi 62 is mainly distributed in the Piedmont belt with strong wind erosion and sediment transport. Salt alkali 63 is mainly distributed in relatively low and easy to accumulate water, dry lakes and lakeside. Swamp 64 is mainly distributed in relatively low and easy to accumulate water. Bare soil 65 is mainly distributed in the arid areas (mountain steep slopes, hills, Gobi), and the vegetation coverage is less than 5%. Bare rock 66 is mainly distributed in the extremely dry stone mountain area (windy, light rain). The other 67 are mainly distributed in the exposed rocks formed by freezing and thawing over 4000 meters, also known as alpine tundra. Projection parameters: Projection ALBERS Units METERS Spheroid Krasovsky Parameters: 25 00 0.000 /* 1st standard parallel 47 00 0.000 /* 2nd standard parallel 105 00 0.000 /* central meridian 0 0 0.000 /* latitude of projection's origin 0.00000 /* false easting (meters) 0.00000 /* false northing (meters)
The data sets of 2005-2007, heihe river middle reaches area of underground water level monitoring value, contains the shandan bridge, children's pawn, fountain, the king of the brake, big full, PCCW main canal, under the new ditch, Shi Gangdun, Ann, under the qin dynasty, the stockade, taiping fort, yue jia pfe, zhang ye, liao home fort, Yang's farm village, railway stations, three gates, tile kiln, xiejiawan, under the cliff, meteor smoke, oasis, xiguan, ShaJingZi, river hydrological station 3 years of monthly average water level.The data are from the hydrological yearbook. Due to the lack of data, the average water level data of some hydrological stations are missing.
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LinksNational Tibetan Plateau Data Center