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Basic datasets of Urumqi river basin in Chinese Cryospheric Information System

Chinese Cryospheric Information System is a comprehensive information system for the management and analysis of Chinese cryospheric data. The establishment of Chinese Cryospheric Information System is to meet the needs of earth system science, and provide parameters and verification data for the development of response and feedback models of permafrost, glacier and snow cover to global changes under GIS framework. On the other hand, the system collates and rescues valuable cryospheric data to provide a scientific, efficient and safe management and analysis tool. Chinese Cryospheric Information System contains three basic databases of different research regions. The basic database of Urumqi river basin is one of three basic databases, which covers the Urumqi river basin in tianshan mountain, east longitude 86-89 °, and north latitude 42-45 °, mainly containing the following data: 1. Cryospheric data.Include: Distribution of glacier no. 1 and glacier no. 2; 2. Natural environment and resources.Include: Terrain digital elevation: elevation, slope, slope direction; Hydrology: current situation of water resource utilization;Surface water; Surface characteristics: vegetation type;Soil type;Land resource evaluation map;Land use status map; 3. Social and economic resources: a change map of human action; Please refer to the documents (in Chinese): "Chinese Cryospheric Information System design. Doc" and "Chinese Cryospheric Information System data dictionary. Doc".


The meteorological data in Tianlaochi Catchment in Qilian Mountain (2013)

Location of automatic weather station: longitude and latitude 38.43n, 99.93e, altitude 3100m. The observation time is from May 9, 2013 to September 3, 2013, the parameter scale is hourly scale, and the data is recorded in 10min. The observation parameters include average wind speed (M / s), maximum wind speed (M / s), 40-60cm soil moisture, 0-20 soil moisture, 20-40 soil moisture, air pressure, par, air temperature, relative humidity, solar radiation, total precipitation, 20-40 soil temperature, 0-20 soil temperature, 40-60 soil temperature.


Weather data at 2800m above sea level in Qinhai spruce stand of Pailougou watershed

Meteorological elements are indicators of atmospheric variables or phenomena indicating weather conditions at a given place and at a given time. We used automatic forest weather station to monitor the meteorological elements data of Pailugou Watershed at 2800m above sea level. The main meteorological elements monitored include total radiation, net radiation, temperature, relative humidity, wind speed, and wind direction, which basically reflect the changes in meteorological elements in the Qinghai spruce forest.