This data is digitized from the "Naiman Banner Desertification Types and Land Consolidation Zoning Map" of the drawing. The specific information of this map is as follows: * Editors: Zhu Zhenda and Qiu Xingmin * Editor: Feng Yushun * Re-photography and Mapping: Feng Yushun, Liu Yangxuan, Wen Zi Xiang, Yang Taiyun, Zhao Aifen, Wang Yimou, Li Weimin, Zhao Yanhua, Wang Jianhua * Field trips: Qiu Xingmin and Zhang Jixian * Cartographic unit: compiled by Desert Research Office of Chinese Academy of Sciences * Publishing House: Shanghai China Printing House * Scale: 1: 150000 * Published: May 1984 * Legend: Severe Desertification Land, Intensely Developed Desertification Land, Developing Desertification Land, Potential Desertification Land, Non-desertification Land, Fluctuating Sandy Loess Plain, Forest and Shrub, Saline-alkali Land, Mountain Land, Cultivated Land and Midian Land 2. File Format and Naming Data is stored in ESRI Shapefile format, including the following layers: Naiman banner desertification type map, rivers, roads, reservoirs, railways, zoning 3. Data Attributes Desertification Class Vegetation Background Class Desertified land and cultivated sand dunes under development. Midland in Saline-alkali Land Severely desertified land Reservoir Trees and shrubbery Mountain Strongly developing desertified land Potential desertified land Lakes Non-desertification land Undulating sand-loess plain 2. Projection information: Angular Unit: Degree (0.017453292519943295) Prime Meridian: Greenwich (0.000000000000000000) Datum: D_Beijing_1954 Spheroid: Krasovsky_1940 Semimajor Axis: 6378245.000000000000000000 Semiminor Axis: 6356863.018773047300000000 Inverse Flattening: 298.300000000000010000
The data is the distribution map of 100,000 deserts in Qinghai Lake Basin. This data uses 2000 TM image as the data source for interpretation, extraction and revision. Remote sensing and geographic information system technology are combined with the mapping requirements of a scale of 1: 100,000 to carry out thematic mapping of deserts, sands and gravelly Gobi. Data attribute table: area (area), perimeter (perimeter), ashm_ (sequence code), class (desert code) and ashm_id (desert code), of which the desert code is as follows: mobile sand 2341010, semi-mobile sand 2341020, semi-fixed sand 2341030, Gobi desert 2342000 and saline-alkali land 2343000.
The compilation basis of frozen soil map includes: (1) frozen soil field survey, exploration and measurement data; (2) aerial photo and satellite image interpretation; (3) topo300 1km resolution ground elevation data; (4) temperature and ground temperature data. Among them, the distribution of permafrost in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau adopts the research results of nanzhuo Tong et al. (2002). Using the measured annual average ground temperature data of 76 boreholes along the Qinghai Tibet highway, regression statistical analysis is carried out to obtain the relationship between the annual average ground temperature and latitude, elevation, and based on this relationship, combined with the gtopo30 elevation data (developed under the leadership of the center for earth resources observation and science and technology, USGS) Global 1 km DEM data) to simulate the annual mean ground temperature distribution over the whole Tibetan Plateau. Taking the annual average ground temperature of 0.5 ℃ as the boundary between permafrost and seasonal permafrost, the boundary between discontinuous Permafrost on the plateau and island Permafrost on the plateau is delimited by referring to the map of ice and snow permafrost in China (1:4 million) (Shi Yafeng et al., 1988); in addition, the division map of Permafrost on the big and small Xing'an Mountains in the Northeast (Guo Dongxin et al., 1981), the distribution map of permafrost and underground ice around the Arctic (b According to rown et al. 1997) and the latest field survey data, the Permafrost Boundary in Northeast China has been revised; the Permafrost Boundary in Northwest mountains mostly uses the boundary defined in the map of ice and snow permafrost in China (1:4 million) (Shi Yafeng et al., 1988). According to the data, the area of permafrost in China is about 1.75 × 106km2, accounting for about 18.25% of China's territory. Among them, alpine permafrost is 0.29 × 106km2, accounting for about 3.03% of China's territory. For more information, please refer to the specification of "1:4 million map of glacial and frozen deserts in China" (Institute of environment and Engineering in cold and dry areas, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 2006)
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LinksNational Tibetan Plateau Data Center
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