Current Browsing: Human-nature Relationship

Socio-demographic data of five Central Asian Countries (1991-2017)

The data set records the total socio-demographic data of five central Asian countries from 1991 to 2017.Population indicators including annual population, estimated life expectancy, total fertility rate (1000 people), and total mortality (1000 people), infant mortality, maternal mortality, the total marriage rates, the overall divorce rate, migration of all flow balance, the number of medical institutions, hospital beds (m), the number of preschool institutions (a), kindergarten school student number (m) number, number of middle school, high school students (m), the number of the university, the number of students, institutions of higher learning, the number of students of institutions of higher learning.The data are from the statistical yearbooks of five central Asian countries.


Grassland actual net primary production, potential net primary production and potential aboveground biomass on the Tibetan Plateau from 2000 to 2017

Grassland actual net primary production (NPPa) was calculated by CASA model. CASA model was calculated with the combination of satellite-observed NDVI and climate (e.g. temperature, precipitation and radiation) as the driving factors, and other factors, such as land-use change and human harvest from plant material, were reflected by the changes of NDVI. CASA NPP was determined by two variables, absorbed photosynthetically active radiation’ (APAR) and the light-use efficiency (LUE). Grassland potential net primary production (NPPp) was calculated by TEM model. TEM is one of process-based ecosystem model, which was driven by spatially referenced information on vegetation type, climate, elevation, soils, and water availability to calculate the monthly carbon and nitrogen fluxes and pool sizes of terrestrial ecosystems. TEM can be only applied in mature and undisturbed ecosystem without take the effects of land use into consideration due to it was used to make equilibrium predications. Grassland potential aboveground biomass (AGBp) was estimated by random forest (RF) algorithm, using 345 AGB observation data in fenced grasslands and their corresponding climate data, soil data, and topographical data.


In-situ water quality parameters of the lakes on the Tibetan Plateau (2009-2020)

This dataset provides the in-situ lake water parameters of 124 closed lakes with a total lake area of 24,570 km2, occupying 53% of the total lake area of the TP.These in-situ water quality parameters include water temperature, salinity, pH,chlorophyll-a concentration, blue-green algae (BGA) concentration, turbidity, dissolved oxygen (DO), fluorescent dissolved organic matter (fDOM), and water clarity of Secchi Depth (SD).


Spatial distribution of measured salinity of lakes on TP

Lake salinity is an important parameter of lake water environment, an important embodiment of water resources, and an important part of climate change research. This data is based on the measured salinity data of lakes in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau. The salinity is characterized by the practical salinity unit (PSU), which is converted from the specific conductivity (SPC) measured by the conductivity sensor. ArcGIS software was used to convert the measured data into space vector format. SHP format, and the measured salinity spatial distribution data file was obtained. The data can be used as the basic data of lake environment, hydrology, water ecology, water resources and other related research reference.


The dataset of community statistics of each county in Three-River-Source National Park (2017)

This data set contains statistical tables on the community situation of each county in Three-River-Source National Park. The specific contents include: Table 1 includes: number of administrative villages, number of natural villages, number of households, population, number of rural labor force, total value of primary and secondary industries, net income per capita, and number of livestock. Table 2 includes: the ethnic composition of the population (population of each ethnic group), education-related statistics (number of primary and secondary schools and number of students), health-related statistics (number of hospitals, health rooms and medical personnel), and statistics on the education level of the population (number of people with different education levels); Table 3 includes: the grassland (total grassland area, usable grassland area, moderately degraded area and grassland vegetation coverage), woodland (total area, arbor forest area, shrub forest area and sparse forest area), water area (total area, river area, lake area, glacier area, snowy mountain area and wetland area). A total of four counties were designed: Maduo, Qumalai, Zaduo and Zhiduo. This data comes from statistics of government departments.


Rare animals survey dataset for the Three-River Headwater Region (2016-2017)

The data set contains the rare animal survey data for the Sanjiangyuan area from 2016 to 2017, including the latitude and longitude of the survey site, the length of the sample line, animal discovery time, animal names, quantity, location of the occurrence, type of habitat, affiliated families, etc.


Permafrost soil bacteria in Barrow Peninsula, Arctic (2015)

This data includes the soil microbial composition data in permafrost of different ages in Barrow area of the Arctic. It can be used to explore the response of soil microorganisms to the thawing in permafrost of different ages. This data is generated by high through-put sequencing using the earth microbiome project primers are 515f – 806r. The region amplified is the V4 hypervariable region, and the sequencing platform is Illumina hiseq PE250; This data is used in the articles published in cryosphere, Permafrost thawing exhibits a greater influence on bacterial richness and community structure than permafrost age in Arctic permafrost soils. The Cryosphere, 2020, 14, 3907–3916, . This data can also be used for the comparative analysis of soil microorganisms across the three poles.


The retrofit scheme of the irrigating gates and the design flow of each channel (2003)

This data includes the general layout of the reconstruction project of the middle reaches of the Heihe River, and describes in detail the water diversion flow, irrigation area and other data of each diversion outlet in the middle reaches of the Heihe River. It is attached with the statistical table of the current situation of the diversion portal (listing the diversion form, bank type, irrigation area name, irrigation area name and diversion flow of all diversion portal), the statistical table of the relative distance of the reconstructed diversion portal in the middle reaches (including the relative distance between the reconstructed diversion portal and Zhengyi gorge, bank type and the distance from the previous one), and the general layout plan of the combined reconstruction of the diversion portal (including the combined one Water diversion type, bank type, irrigation area name, irrigation area and water diversion flow) There is no vector format for the data, we only collect JPG format, with a diversion channel table.


1:100,000 land use dataset of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region (1980s)

This data was derived from "1: 100,000 Land Use Data of China". Based on Landsat MSS, TM and ETM remote sensing data, 1: 100,000 Land Use Data of China was compiled within three years by a remote sensing scientific and technological team of 19 research institutes affiliated to the Chinese Academy of Sciences, which was organized by the “Remote Sensing Macroinvestigation and Dynamic Research on the National Resources and Environment", one of the major application programs in Chinese Academy of Sciences during the "Eighth Five-year Plan". This data adopts a hierarchical land cover classification system, which divides the country into 6 first-class categories (cultivated land, forest land, grassland, water area, urban and rural areas, industrial and mining areas, residential land and unused land) and 31 second-class categories. This is the most accurate land use data product in our country at present. It has already played an important role in national land resources survey, hydrology and ecological research.


Land use change in the midstream of Heihe River Basin

According to the statistical yearbook, different types of land use change areas in the middle reaches of China since liberation were collected and sorted out.