The object of this dataset is to support the atmospheric correction data for the satellite and airborne remote-sensing. It provides the atmospheric aerosol and the column content of water vapor. The dataset is sectioned into two parts: the conventional observations data and the observations data synchronized with the airborne experiments. The instrument was on the roof of the 7# in the Wuxing Jiayuan community from 1 to 24 in June. After 25 June, it was moved to the ditch in the south of the Supperstaiton 15. The dataset provide the raw observations data and the retrieval data which contains the atmosphere aerosol optical depth (AOD) of the wavebands at the center of 1640 nm, 1020 nm, 936 nm, 870 nm, 670 nm, 500 nm, 440 nm, 380 nm and 340 nm, respectively, and the water vapor content is retrieved from the band data with a centroid wavelength of 936 nm. The continuous data was obtained from the 1 June to 20 September in 2012 with a one minute temporal resolution. The time used in this dataset is in UTC+8 Time. Instrument: The sun photometer is employed to measure the character of atmosphere. In HiWATER, the CE318-NE was used.
The aim of the simultaneous observation of river surface temperature is obtaining the land surface temperature in different places be of different kinds of underlying surface, while the sensor of WiDAS go into the experimental areas of the upstream of Heihe river basin. All the land surface temperature data will be used for validation of the retrieved land surface temperature from WiDAS sensor and the analysis of the scale effect of the land surface temperature, and finally serve for the validation of the authenticity of the surface temperature product from remote sensing. 1. Observation sites and other details Six places be of different kinds of underlying surface were chosen to observe surface temperature simultaneous in the upstream of Heihe river basin on 1 August. Self-recording point thermometers (observed once every 6 seconds) were used one place while handheld infrared thermometers (observed continuously during the sensor of WiDAS go into the region) were used in other five places. The main underlying surface including natural grassland, river section, river rapids, gravel. 2. Instrument parameters and calibration. The field of view of the self-recording point thermometer and the handheld infrared thermometer are 10 and 1 degree, respectively. The emissivity of the latter was assumed to be 0.95. All instruments were calibrated on 5 August, 2012 using black body during observation. 3. Data storage All the observation data were stored in excel.
On 19 August 2012 (UTC+8), Leica ALS70 airborne laser scanner carried by the Harbin Y-12 aircraft was used in a LiDAR airborne optical remote sensing experiment. Leica ALS70 airborne laser scanner has unlimited numbers of returns intensities measurements including the first, second, third return intensities. The wavelength of laser light is 1064 nm. The absolute flight altitude is 2900 m with the point cloud density 1 point per square meter. Airborne LiDAR-DEM and DSM data production were obtained through parameter calibration, automatic classification of point cloud density and manual editing.
On 2 August 2012, Wide-angle Infrared Dual-mode line/area Array Scanner (WIDAS) carried by the Harbin Y-12 aircraft was used in a visible near Infrared thermal Dual-mode airborne remote sensing experiment, which is located in the artificial oasis eco-hydrology experimental area (30×30 km). WIDAS includes a CCD camera with a spatial resolution of 0.26 m, a visible near Infrared multispectral camera with five bands scanner (an maximum observation angle 48° and spatial resolution 1.3 m), and a thermal image camera with a spatial resolution of 6.3 m. The CCD camera data are recorded in DN values processed by mosaic and orthorectification.
On 3 August 2012 (UTC+8), a Wide-angle Infrared Dual-mode line/area Array Scanner (WIDAS) carried by the Harbin Y-12 aircraft was used in a visible near Infrared thermal Dual-mode airborne remote sensing experiment, which is located in the artificial oasis eco-hydrology experimental area (5×5 km). WIDAS includes an CCD cameras with spatial resolution 0.08 m, a visible near Infrared multispectral camera with five bands scanner (an maximum observation angle 48° and spatial resolution 0.4 m), and a thermal image camera with spatial resolution 2 m. The CCD camera data production are recorded in DN values processed by mosaic and orthorectification. The mutispectral camera data production are recorded in reflectance processed by atmospheric and geometric correction. Thermal image camera data production are recorded in radiation brightness temperature processed by atmospheric and geometric correction.
On 25 August 2012, a RCD30 camera of Leica Company boarded on the Y-12 aircraft was utilized to obtain the optical remote sensing data. RCD30 camera has a focal length of 80 mm and four bands including red, green, blue and near-infrared bands. The absolute flight altitude is 5200 m and ground sample distance is 6-19 cm. The product includes TIF images and exterior orientation elements.
The dataset of ground truth measurements for snow synchronizing with the airborne microwave radiometers (K&Ka bands) mission was obtained in the Binggou watershed foci experimental area on Mar. 30, 2008. Those provide reliable data for retrieval of snow parameters and properties, especially for dry and wet snow identification. Observation items included: (1) Snow density, snow complex permittivity, snow volumetric moisture and snow gravimetric moisture by the snowfork in BG-A; (2) Snow parameters including snow depth, the snow surface temperature synchronizing with the airborne microwave radiometers (K&Ka bands), the snow layer temperature, the snow grain size and snow density in BG-A (10 points), BG-B (6 points), BG-F (12 points), BG-H (21 points) and BG-I (20 points); For each snow pit, the snowpack was divided into several layers with 10-cm intervals of snow depth. The layer depth (by the ruler), the snow grain size (by the handheld microscope), snow density (by the cutting ring) and the snow temperature (by the probe thermometer) were obtained at each snow pit. Two files including raw data and the preprocessed data were archived.
This dataset was acquired on May 25, 2008 by the L&K-band airborne microwave radiometer at the Linze-Biandukou flight area.The L-band frequency is 1.4 GHz, the rear view is 35 degrees, and the dual-polarization (H and V) information is obtained; the K-band frequency is 18.7 GHz, with zenith angle observation, and there is no polarization information. The plane took off from Zhangye Airport at 9:51 (Beijing time, the same below) and landed at 15:01. The observation from 10:10 to 12:30 was in the Linze area, the flight altitude is about 1800m, and the flight speed is about 250km/hr. The plane flew low over Linze Reservoir from 12:31 to 12:38. The plane works in the Bianduko aerophotography region from13:13 to 14:35, the flight altitude is about 3000m, and the flight speed is about 250km/hr. The original data is divided into two parts: microwave radiometer data and GPS data. The L and K bands of microwave radiometer are all from non-imaging observation, the digital values obtained from instantaneous observation are recorded by text files, the longitude and latitude of flight and the attitude parameters of aircraft are recorded by GPS data. At the same time, through the respective clock records of the microwave radiometer and GPS, the microwave observation can be linked with the GPS record, and the microwave observation can be matched with the geographical coordinate information. Due to the relatively low resolution of the microwave radiometer, the leeway, welter and pitching of the aircraft are generally neglected in data processing. According to the target of use and relative flight altitude (H), after calibration and coordinate matching, the observation information can be rasterized. The resolution (x) of the L and K bands can be considered consistent with the observation footprint. The reference resolution is: L band, x = 0.3H; K band, x = 0.24H. After the above steps, products that can be directly used by users can be obtained.
This data set is the acquisition of the super-site forest 3D structure of the scanning point cloud data and other ancillary data based on the ground-based lidar (LiDAR) . Data acquisition time is from June 4, 2008 to June 12, 2008. Riegl LMS-Z360i ground-based LiDAR was used. The super site is divided into 16 sub-samples of 25m×25m, LiDAR base station points are set in each sub-sample, and LiDAR acquisition 3D full coverage LiDAR point metadata is set at each base station point. The content of the data set: total station measurement coordinates (x, y, z) for each LiDAR data acquisition base station point, the instrument attitude measured by a digital slope meter and an angle meter when each station collects data, and the laser radar scanning point cloud data at each station. This data set can provide realistic 3D forest scenes, provide detailed ground observation data for the development and correction of various 3D forest remote sensing models, and provide ground verification data for airborne and spaceborne remote sensing data.
The dataset of airborne Polarimetric L-band Multibeam Radiometers (PLMR) was acquired on 10 July, 2012, located in the middle reaches of the Heihe River Basin. The aircraft took off at 10:30 am (UTC+8) from Zhangye airport and landed at 15:30 pm, with the flight time of 5 hours. The flight was performed in the altitude of about 2500 m and at the speed of about 220-250 km during the observation, corresponding to an expected ground resolution of about 750 m. The PLMR instrument flown on a small aircraft operates at 1.413 GHz (L-band), with both H- and V-polarizations at incidence angles of ±7.5°, ±21.5° and ±38.5°. PLMR ‘warm’ and ‘cold’ calibrations were performed before and after each flight. The processed PLMR data include 2 DAT files (v-pol and h-pol separately) and 1 KMZ file for each flying day. The DAT file contains all the TB values together with their corresponding beam ID, incidence angle, location, time stamp (in UTC) and other flight attitude information as per headings. The KMZ file shows the gridded 1-km TB values corrected to 38.5 degrees together with flight lines. Cautions should be taken when using these data, as the RFI contaminations are often higher than expected at v-polarization.
Contact SupportNorthwest Institute of Eco-Environment and Resources, CAS 0931-4967287 email@example.com
LinksNational Tibetan Plateau Data Center