The data set contains soil observation data of typical sample points in Heihe River Basin: pH value and soil texture 1. Soil pH value: longitude, latitude and pH value of typical soil sample points. 2. Soil texture: including soil texture data of typical soil samples in Heihe River Basin from July 2012 to August 2013. The typical soil sampling method in Heihe River Basin is representative sampling, which means that the typical soil types in the landscape area can be collected, and the representative sample points should be collected as far as possible. According to the Chinese soil taxonomy, soil samples from each profile were taken based on the diagnostic layers and diagnostic characteristics.
The data set contains the location information and soil systematic type data of typical soil samples from the Heihe River Basin from July 2012 to August 2014. The typical soil sample collection method in the Heihe River Basin is representative sampling, which refers to the typical soil types that can be collected in the landscape area, and collects highly representative samples as much as possible. According to the Chinese soil systematic classification, the soil type of each section is divided based on the diagnostic layer and diagnostic characteristics. The sample points are divided into 8 soil orders: organic soil, anthropogenic soil, Aridisol, halomorphic soil, Gleysol, isohumicsoill , Cambisol, Entisol, and 39 sub-categories.
This data set contains a deep drilling paleomagnetic age data near the open sea in the middle reaches of Heihe River. The borehole is located at 99.432 E and 39.463 n with a depth of 550m. The samples of paleomagnetic age were taken at the interval of 10-50 cm. The paleomagnetic test was carried out in the Key Laboratory of Western Ministry of environmental education of Lanzhou University. The primary remanence of the samples was obtained by alternating demagnetization and thermal demagnetization, and the whole formation magnetic formation was obtained by using the primary remanence direction of each sample, and then the sedimentary age of the strata was obtained by comparing with the standard polarity column. The results show that the bottom boundary of the borehole is about 7 Ma and the top boundary is 0 ma.
The land use / land cover data set of Heihe River Basin in 2011 is the Remote Sensing Research Office of Institute of cold and drought of Chinese Academy of Sciences. Based on the remote sensing data of landsatm and ETM in 2011, combined with field investigation and verification, a 1:100000 land use / land cover image and vector database of Heihe River Basin is established. The data set mainly includes 1:100000 land use graph data and attribute data in the upper reaches of Heihe River Basin. The land cover data of 1:100000 (2011) in Heihe River Basin and the previous land cover are classified into six first-class categories (cultivated land, forest land, grassland, water area, urban and rural residents, industrial and mining land and unused land) and 25 second-class categories by the same hierarchical land cover classification system. The data type is vector polygon and stored in shape format.
The survey data of vegetation quadrat in the middle reaches of Heihe River consists of the field survey data in 2013 and 2014, including the vegetation and soil data of the survey quadrat. The data of each survey sample includes the following information: sample longitude and latitude, sample size, elevation, sample overview, plant name, plant height, crown width, coverage, total coverage, number of trees, plant spacing, row spacing, large row spacing, DBH. The soil is divided into 6 layers according to 0-100cm below the ground, which are 0-10cm, 10-20cm, 20-40cm, 40-60cm, 60-80cm and 80-100cm respectively.
一. Data overview This data interchange is the second data interchange of "genomics research on drought tolerance mechanism of typical desert plants in heihe basin", a key project of the major research program of "integrated research on eco-hydrological processes in heihe basin".The main research goal of this project is a typical desert sand Holly plants as materials, using the current international advanced a new generation of gene sequencing technology to the whole genome sequence and gene transcription of Holly group sequence decoding, so as to explore related to drought resistance gene and gene groups, and transgenic technology in model plants such as arabidopsis and rice) verify its drought resistance. 二, data content 1.Sequencing of the genome and transcriptome of lycophylla SPP. The genome size of Mongolian Holly was about 926 Mb, GC content 36.88%, repeat sequence proportion 66%, genome heterozygosity rate 0.56%, which indicated that the genome has many repeat sequences, high heterozygosity and belongs to a complex genome.Based on the predicted sequence results, we subsequently carried out in-depth sequencing of the genome of lysiopsis SPP. The obtained data were assembled to obtain a 937 Mb genome sequence (table 1), which was basically the same as the predicted genome size.Through to the sand Holly transcriptome sequencing and sequence assembly (table 2), received more than 77000 genes coding sequence (Unigene), these sequences are comments found that most of the gene sequence and legumes and soybean, garbanzo beans and bean has a higher similarity (figure 1), consistent with the fact of sand ilex leguminous plants. 一), and the sand Holly is a leguminous plants consistent with the fact. 2.Discovery of simple repeat sequence (SSR) molecular markers of sand Holly: There is a transcriptome data set of sand Holly in the network public database, and the sample collection site is zhongwei city, ningxia.But this is the location of the project team samples in minqin county, gansu province, in order to study whether this sand in different areas of the Holly sequence has sequence polymorphism, we first identify the minqin county plant samples in the genomes of simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers (table 3), and then, compares the transcriptome sequences of plant sample, found in part of SSR molecular marker polymorphism (table 4), these molecular markers could be used for the species of plant genetic map construction, QTL mapping and genetic diversity analysis in the study. 三, data processing instructions Sample collection place: minqin county, gansu province, latitude and longitude: N38 ° 34 '25.93 "E103 ° 08' 36.77".Genome sequencing: a total of 8 genomic DNA libraries of different sizes were constructed and determined by Illumina HiSeq 2500 instrument.Transcriptome sequencing: a library of 24 transcriptome mrnas was constructed and determined by Illumina HiSeq 4000. 四, the use of data and meaning We selected a typical desert plant as the research object, from the Angle of genomics, parse the desert plant genome and transcriptome sequences, excavated its precious drought-resistant gene resources, and to study their drought resistance mechanism of favorable sand Holly this ancient and important to the utilization of plant resources, as well as the heihe river basin of drought-resistant plant genetic breeding, ecological restoration and sustainable development.
The macro index data of social economy at the city (county) scale in Heihe River basin includes a series of socio-economic indexes of gross product, income, population, employment, medical treatment, education, land area, finance, etc. of 11 counties in Zhangye, Jiuquan, Jiayuguan, Alxa and Haibei Autonomous Prefecture;
Industrial transformation refers to the state or process of significant changes in industrial structure, industrial scale, industrial organization, industrial technology and equipment in the main composition of a country or region's national economy. From this point of view, industrial transformation is a comprehensive process, including industrial transformation in structure, organization and technology. Another explanation refers to the reallocation of resource stock among industries in an industry, that is, the process of transferring capital, labor and other production factors from declining industries to emerging industries Data include industrial output impact data of water resources industrial structure adjustment (primary industry technology, secondary industry technology, tertiary industry technology)
It includes the social and economic data of Gansu, Qinghai and Inner Mongolia from 2000 to 2012. The specific indicators include GDP, income, population, employment, medical care, education, land area, finance and a series of social and economic indicators;
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