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Meteorological, albedo and evapotranspiration data set of hulugou shrub experimental area in the upper reaches of Heihe River (2012-2014)

The data set is the meteorological and observational data of hulugou shrub experimental area in the upper reaches of Heihe River, including meteorological data, albedo data and evapotranspiration data under shrubs. 1. Meteorological data: Qilian station longitude: 99 ° 52 ′ E; latitude: 38 ° 15 ′ n; altitude: 3232.3m, scale meteorological data from January 1, 2012 to December 31, 2013. Observation items include: temperature, humidity, vapor pressure, net radiation, four component radiation, etc. The data are daily scale data, and the calculation period is 0:00-24:00 2. Albedo: daily surface albedo data from January 1, 2012 to July 3, 2014, including snow and non snow periods. The measuring instrument is the radiation instrument on the 10m gradient tower in hulugou watershed. Among them, the data from August 4 to October 2, 2012 was missing due to instrument circuit problems, and the rest data quality was good 3. Evapotranspiration: surface evapotranspiration data of Four Typical Shrub Communities in hulugou watershed. The observation period is from July 18 to August 5, 2014, which is the daily scale data. The data include precipitation data, evaporation and infiltration data observed by lysimeter. The data set can be used to analyze the evapotranspiration data of alpine shrubs and forests. The evapotranspiration of grassland under canopy was measured by a small lysimeter with a diameter of 25 cm and a depth of 30 cm. Two lysimeters were set up in each shrub plot, and one lysimeter was set for each shrub in transplanting experiment. The undisturbed undisturbed soil column with the same height as the barrel is placed in the inner bucket, and the outer bucket is buried in the soil. During the embedding, the outer bucket shall be 0.5-1.0 cm higher than the ground, and the outer edge of the inner barrel shall be designed with a rainproof board about 2.0 cm wide to prevent surface runoff from entering the lysimeter. Lysimeter was set up in the nearby meteorological stations to measure grassland evapotranspiration, and a small lysimeter with an inner diameter of 25 cm and a depth of 30 cm was also set up in the sample plot of Picea crassifolia forest to measure the evaporation under the forest. All lysimeters are weighed at 20:00 every day (the electronic balance has a sensing capacity of 1.0 g, which is equivalent to 0.013 mm evaporation). Wind proof treatment should be taken to ensure the accuracy of measurement. Data processing method: evapotranspiration is mainly calculated by mass conservation in lysimeter method. According to the design principle of lysimeter lysimeter, evapotranspiration is mainly determined by the quality difference in two consecutive days. Since it is weighed every day, it is calculated by water balance.

2020-07-31

Data set of land use / land cover in the lower reaches of Heihe River Basin (2011)

The land use / land cover data set of Heihe River Basin in 2011 is the Remote Sensing Research Office of Institute of cold and drought of Chinese Academy of Sciences. Based on the remote sensing data of landsatm and ETM in 2011, combined with field investigation and verification, a 1:100000 land use / land cover image and vector database of Heihe River Basin is established. The data set mainly includes 1:100000 land use graph data and attribute data in the lower reaches of Heihe River Basin. The land cover data of 1:100000 (2011) in Heihe River Basin and the previous land cover are classified into six first-class categories (cultivated land, forest land, grassland, water area, urban and rural residents, industrial and mining land and unused land) and 25 second-class categories by the same hierarchical land cover classification system. The data type is vector polygon and stored in shape format.

2020-07-30

Field LAI dataset in the Heihe River basin (2011)

The dataset is Lai data of ground sample points in Heihe River Basin, collected by LAI-2000 canopy analyzer. The collection area is located in Zhangye rural demonstration base, Ejina Banner, Jiuquan Satellite Center (2011) and other areas. The main measured vegetation is corn. The Lai value of maize was obtained by using lai2000, and the observation was repeated twice in the mode of one up four down. Cd202 was used to obtain the leaf area of each leaf of maize plant, and three maize plants were collected.

2020-07-30

Dataset of shrub interception and transpiration in Tianlaochi watershed of Qilian Mountain (2012)

This data includes three parts of data, namely shrub water holding experiment, shrub interception experiment and shrub transpiration experiment data. Shrub water holding experiment: select the two shrub types of Caragana jubata and Potentilla fruticosa, respectively pick the branches and leaves of the two vegetation types, weigh their fresh weight, carry out water holding experiment, measure the saturated weight of branches and leaves, dry weight of branches and leaves, dry weight of branches and leaves after completion, and finally obtain the data of branches, leaves and total water holding capacity. Shrub interception experiment: two shrubs, Caragana jubata and Potentilla fruticosa, were also selected and investigated. 30 rain-bearing cups were respectively arranged under the two shrubs. after each rainfall, penetration rainfall was measured and observed from June 1, 2012 to September 10, 2012. Shrub Transpiration Experiment: Potentilla fruticosa on July 14, Caragana jubata on August 5, Salix gilashanica on August 15, 2012. The measurement is made every hour according to the daily weather conditions.

2020-07-30

Physical and chemical index data of deep drilling strata in the middle reaches of Heihe River (2013)

This data set contains the element content data of a deep drilled formation near the open sea in the middle reaches of Heihe River. The borehole is located at 99.432 E and 39.463 n with a depth of 550m. The element scanning analysis was carried out at 1-3cm intervals for the drilled strata. The scanning was completed in the Key Laboratory of Western Ministry of environmental education, Lanzhou University, and 38705 effective element data were obtained.

2020-07-30

Moraine distributions in the upstream of the Heihe River (2013-2014)

From 2013 to 2014, the Glacial Geomorphology of the upper reaches of Heihe River in the late Quaternary was investigated and sampled. Based on the field investigation and remote sensing image, the distribution map of moraine at different levels near the ridge of the upper reaches of the Bailang river was obtained.

2020-07-30

Doc, DIC and isotopic values of river water and groundwater (including spring water) in hulugou small watershed of Heihe River (July September 2014)

The data include the collection of elements and isotopes of river water and groundwater (including spring water) in hulugou small watershed of Heihe River. Sampling location: (1) There are two river water sampling points, one of which is located at the outlet weir of hulugou small watershed in the upper reaches of Heihe River, with longitude and latitude of 99 ° 52 ′ 47.7 ″ E and 38 ° 16 ′ 11 ″ n. The second sampling point is located at the outlet of hulugou area II in the upper reaches of Heihe River, with longitude and latitude of 99 ° 52 ′ 58.40 ″ E and 38 ° 14 ′ 36.85 ″ n. (2) The sampling points of groundwater spring and well water are located at 20m to the east of the drainage basin outlet, with longitude and latitude of 99 ° 52 ′ 50.9 ″ E and 38 ° 16 ′ 11.44 ″ n. The well water sampling point is located near the intersection of East and West Branch ditches, with longitude and latitude of 99 ° 52 ′ 45.38 ″ E and 38 ° 15 ′ 21.27 ″ n. Data Description: 1. Doc and DIC values of river water and groundwater at the outlet of hulugou small watershed from July to September 2014 were analyzed. The DOC and DIC values of the samples were tested by oiaurora 1030w TOC instrument, and the detection range was 2ppb c-30000ppm C. 2. From July to September 2014, the δ D and δ 18O values of precipitation, river water and groundwater in hulugou small watershed were measured by Picaro l2130-i ultra-high precision liquid water and water vapor isotope analyzer. The results were expressed by δ values relative to the international standard material v-smow, with the measurement accuracy of 0.038 ‰ and 0.011 ‰ respectively. 3. Doc values of river water and soil water at the outlet of hulugou small watershed from May to September 2013 were determined by analytikjena multi n / C 3100 total nitrogen and total carbon tester. 4. Doc and DIC values of river water and groundwater at the outlet of hulugou small watershed from July to September 2014 were measured by oiaurora 1030w TOC instrument, and the detection range was 2ppb c-30000ppm C.

2020-07-30

Precipitation during the growing season in Pailougou watershed (2011-2013)

Precipitation is one of the elements of meteorological monitoring and a measurement basis of regional precipitation. Precipitation is the only source of water for plants’ survival in mountain areas. Therefore, precipitation is the main link of the forest hydrological cycle. This data only provides precipitation of the Pailugou watershed during the growing season.

2020-07-30

Soil observation data of typical sample points in Heihe River Basin (2012-2014)

The data set contains soil observation data of typical sample points in Heihe River Basin: pH value and soil texture 1. Soil pH value: longitude, latitude and pH value of typical soil sample points. 2. Soil texture: including soil texture data of typical soil samples in Heihe River Basin from July 2012 to August 2013. The typical soil sampling method in Heihe River Basin is representative sampling, which means that the typical soil types in the landscape area can be collected, and the representative sample points should be collected as far as possible. According to the Chinese soil taxonomy, soil samples from each profile were taken based on the diagnostic layers and diagnostic characteristics.

2020-07-30

Soil type data set of typical soil sample points in Heihe River Basin (2013-2014)

The data set contains the location information and soil systematic type data of typical soil samples from the Heihe River Basin from July 2012 to August 2014. The typical soil sample collection method in the Heihe River Basin is representative sampling, which refers to the typical soil types that can be collected in the landscape area, and collects highly representative samples as much as possible. According to the Chinese soil systematic classification, the soil type of each section is divided based on the diagnostic layer and diagnostic characteristics. The sample points are divided into 8 soil orders: organic soil, anthropogenic soil, Aridisol, halomorphic soil, Gleysol, isohumicsoill , Cambisol, Entisol, and 39 sub-categories.

2020-07-30