Crop phenology refers to the date when a crop reaches a critical growth period. The main planting pattern in the North China Plain (NCP) is the rotation system of winter wheat and summer maize. Changes in the key phenological periods of winter wheat and summer maize reflect the response and adaptability of them to climatic conditions and production management measures. And the critical phenology dates are important parameters for evaluating crop growth status and irrigation water consumption in the NCP This study selected the winter wheat-summer maize stable planting area in the NCP. The GIMMS3g NDVI data from 1982 to 2015 was used. Multiple characteristis such as the maximum value, minimum value, slope, and percentage value of the curve were combined to extract phenology of winter wheat and summer maize: SOS (start of the season), PEAK (peak of the season), and EOS (end of the season). The extracted phenology was compared with the phenological records from the agro-meteorological stations. The R² was above 0.9, which was with high accuracy. (Details can be found in the reference) The phenological dataset can be applied to related researches about calculating the productivity of winter wheat and summer maize, evaluating the response of crops to climate change, and estimating irrigation water consumption in this region.
The North China Plain is an important food production area in China, with a large area of cropland and a complex planting structure. Accurately identifying the distribution of typical crops in this area and tracking the dynamic changes of planting structure are fundamental for detecting crop growth, evaluating crop irrigation water consumption and optimizing agricultural water resources allocation. This study used Fourier transform to obtatin the amplitudes and phases of the 0-5 harmonics of the MOD13Q1 NDVI data. Based on the field sample points and maximum likelihood supervised classification, the planting area of 6 typical crops (winter wheat-summer maize; winter wheat-rice; other double cropping systems; spring maize; cotton; other single cropping systems) in the North China Plain from 2001 to 2018 was identified. The identification results accuracy were evaluated through confusion matrix, comparison with the winter wheat planting area in the county-level statistical yearbook, and comparison with the proportion of winter wheat extracted by Landsat images, all of which showed good performance and high accuracy. The data can be applied to related research and analysis on crop production, irrigation water consumption estimation, and groundwater protection in the North China Plain.
This data set is based on the field survey data on farmland production, operation and management in Tibet's one river and two rivers region, Southeast Tibet, Sichuan Tibet East Hengduan Mountain Area in 2020. Sample selection: for the areas of one river and two rivers in Tibet, Southeast Tibet, and Hengduan Mountain Area in East Sichuan and Tibet, first, the typical sampling method is used to determine the sample counties, sample towns, and sample villages; Then, according to the basic situation of farmers, one sample Township and one sample village are selected from each county. Finally, one farmer is randomly selected from each sample village by using the random sampling method. The data set records the basic information of the investigated land, the basic information of the interviewed farmers, including education level, consumption level and other information, agricultural planting area, etc. The data set is the data obtained through field investigation and interview, which can be used to analyze the basic situation of agricultural planting on the Qinghai Tibet Plateau, and provide a theoretical basis for further improving the countermeasures and suggestions of government support policies.
TANG Yawei TANG Yawei
The survey area covers Luding, Kangding, Yajiang, Litang, Batang and other areas in Sichuan Province. The crops involved include highland barley, wheat, corn, potato and tomato and other open vegetables. The dry Leak Bucket method was used to extract 171 small and medium-sized soil animal samples, and more than 800 soil animals were captured. The samples were stored in the Chengdu Institute of biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences. After collection, the samples were identified by means of a body microscope. Among them, the 0-15cm soil layer in Batang area, Sichuan Province was the largest, and 208 small and medium-sized soil animals were identified; The second is the 0-15 cm soil layer in Kangding, Sichuan Province, where 130 small and medium-sized soil animals were observed.
This dataset is about the historical yield data (yield per unit area and sown area) of the main crops (hull-less barley and wheat) on Tibetan Plateau between years 1988-2018, covering some prefectures and cities located in Tibetan Plateau. The data are obtained from Tibet Statistical Yearbook, Qinghai Statistical Yearbook, Sichuan Statistical Yearbook, Gansu Statistical Yearbook, Yunnan Statistical Yearbook and the aba Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture and Ganzi Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture Agriculture and Animal Husbandry Bureau with the same accuracy. Hull-less barley and wheat are the main crops on the Tibetan Plateau. This data set is of great value for the study of food security and agricultural production on Tibetan Plateau.
This data set contains the meteorological data of Pengbo irrigation area in Tibet from 2019 to 2022, including rainfall, temperature and relative humidity data, as well as the measured soil moisture and soil temperature data of highland barley, oat and grassland. The data interval is recorded in hours, and the measured time is from 2019 to 2022. The data of soil temperature and soil moisture are relatively detailed, which can reflect the change law of soil moisture and temperature at different time scales of time, day, month, season and year, and can also better meet the calibration and verification requirements of farmland water and heat transport model. The data set also includes crop evapotranspiration data and leakage data, which is helpful to analyze the water consumption of crops in the whole growth period and the water consumption and leakage at different growth stages in the alpine region of Tibet, and plays an important role in clarifying the water balance of different farmland systems. The meteorological, soil moisture, soil temperature, transpiration and leakage data of Pengbo irrigation area in Tibet provided by this data set are helpful to reveal the water transformation process at the farmland scale and irrigation area scale, and fully understand the water and heat transfer process and crop growth state of SPAC system in the high cold region of Tibet.
The North China Plain (NCP), with an area of ~140,000 square kilometers, is among the most important agricultural producing bases in China. In addition to canal irrigation with surface water from the Yellow River, the NCP also needs much groundwater for intensive irrigation. Spatiotemporally continuous and daily evapotranspiration (ET) estimates of high spatial resolution could be valuable for improving our understanding of agricultural water consumption across the NCP, and also for improving water use efficiency for better agricultural water resource management practices over similar regions globally. This ET data set at 1 km spatial resolution and daily timescale across the NCP from Jan 2008 to Dec 2019 was generated using two source energy balance model (TSEB) and data fusion. The accuracy is generally comparable and even higher than published results, with our ET data set featuring spatiotemporal continuity and high spatial resolution for a decade. Furthermore, this data set and associated approaches are valuable for performing daily, monthly, seasonal, interannual, and trend analyses of ET in the NCP and similar regions globally.
ZHANG Caijin , LONG Di
The database is derived from the UAV image data obtained from the field survey conducted by the Qinghai Tibet Plateau farmland ecosystem research team in 2020. The survey area involves the farmland ecosystem concentration areas and counties along Sichuan and Tibet 318, including Litang and Batang in Sichuan, and the areas such as Basu, Linzhi, Gyangze and Bailang in Xigaze in Tibet. The recorded objects include highland barley Traditional crops such as wheat, as well as open field vegetables and greenhouse facilities in some areas; The flight altitude is generally 50-300m, with high resolution. The photographing equipment is Dajiang yu2pro. The picture comes with GIS longitude, latitude, altitude and other information, which can be used for ground reference or correction data of satellite remote sensing.
The database contains the historical data of agricultural production, operation and management of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau, which is collected and sorted from the statistical yearbooks of cities and states in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau over the years, extracted and summarized after electronization; This data includes the data of farmland effective irrigation area in sub counties within the scope of Qinghai Tibet Plateau from 1995 to 2018. The effective irrigation area of farmland is an important indicator of production, operation and management. The Qinghai Tibet Plateau is dominated by typical dry farming. In most areas, agricultural irrigation is dominated by natural precipitation, and the area covered by artificial irrigation is less. This data is of great significance for analyzing the management of water resources utilization and water footprint of farmland ecosystem in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau. The data are collected by county, The results can reach the county scale.
The dataset of Maize yield in Zhangye Basin in the Northern foot of Qilian Mountains (2001-2015) is obtained by downscaling the actual maize yield data based on the simulation results of Hydrological-Ecological Integrated watershed Flow Model (HEIFLOW). HEIFLOW is a three-dimensional distributed eco-hydrological coupling model, integrating the Precipitation-Runoff Modeling System (PRMS) with the Modular Groundwater Flow Model (MODFLOW) and several ecological modules, which can completely describe the hydrological cycle and vegetation ecological process of the basin. For the modeling details of generating this data, please refer to Han et al. (2021), and for the technical details of HEIFLOW model, please refer to Han et al. (2021), Tian et al. (2018), and sun et al. (2018)
ZHENG Yi , HAN Feng , TIAN Yong
This data set includes the social, economic, resource and other relevant index data of Gansu, Qinghai, Sichuan, Tibet, Xinjiang and Yunnan in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau from 2000 to 2015. The data are derived from Gansu statistical yearbook, Qinghai statistical yearbook, Sichuan statistical yearbook, Xizang statistical yearbook, Xinjiang statistical yearbook, Yunnan statistical Yearbook China county (city) socio economic statistical yearbook And China economic network, guotai'an, etc. The statistical scale is county-level unit scale, including 26 county-level units such as Yumen City, Aksai Kazak Autonomous Region and Subei Mongolian Autonomous County in Gansu Province, 41 county-level units such as Delingha City, Ulan county and Tianjun County in Qinghai Province, 46 counties such as Shiqu County, Ruoergai County and ABA County in Sichuan Province, and 78 counties such as Ritu County, Gaize county and bango County in Tibet, 14 counties including Wuqia County, aktao county and Shache County in Xinjiang Province, and 9 counties including Deqin County, Zhongdian county and Fugong County in Yunnan Province; Variables include County GDP, added value of primary industry, added value of secondary industry, added value of tertiary industry, total industrial output value of Industrial Enterprises above Designated Size, total retail sales of social consumer goods, balance of residents' savings deposits, grain output, total sown area of crops, number of students in ordinary middle schools and land area. The data set can be used to evaluate the social, economic and resource status of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau.
This dataset was captured during the field investigation of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau in June 2021 using uav aerial photography. The data volume is 3.4 GB and includes more than 330 aerial photographs. The shooting locations mainly include roads, residential areas and their surrounding areas in Lhasa Nyingchi of Tibet, Dali and Nujiang of Yunnan province, Ganzi, Aba and Liangshan of Sichuan Province. These aerial photographs mainly reflect local land use/cover type, the distribution of facility agriculture land, vegetation coverage. Aerial photographs have spatial location information such as longitude, latitude and altitude, which can not only provide basic verification information for land use classification, but also provide reference for remote sensing image inversion of large-scale regional vegetation coverage by calculating vegetation coverage.
LV Changhe, ZHANG Zemin
As the roof of the world, the water tower of Asia and the third pole of the world, the Qinghai Tibet Plateau is an important ecological security barrier for China and even Asia. With the rapid development of social economy, human activities have increased significantly, and the impact on the ecological environment is growing. In this paper, eight factors including cultivated land, construction land, National Road, provincial road, railway, expressway, GDP and population density were selected as the threat factors, and the attributes of the threat factors were determined based on the expert scoring method to evaluate the habitat quality of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau, so as to obtain six data sets of the habitat quality of the agricultural and pastoral areas of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau in 1990, 1995, 2000, 2005, 2010 and 2015. The production of habitat quality data sets will help to explore the habitat quality of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau and provide effective support for the government to formulate sustainable development policies of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau.
LIU Shiliang, LIU Yixuan, SUN Yongxiu, LI Mingqi
The data set was obtained from UAV aerial photography during the field investigation of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau in August 2020. The data size is 10.1 GB, including more than 11600 aerial photos. The shooting sites mainly include Lhasa, Shannan, Shigatse and other areas along the road, residential areas and surrounding areas. The aerial photos mainly reflect the local land use / cover type, facility agriculture distribution, grassland coverage and other information. The aerial photos have longitude, latitude and altitude information, which can provide better verification information for land use / cover remote sensing interpretation, and can also be used for vegetation coverage estimation, and provide better reference information for land use research in the study area.
LV Changhe, LIU Yaqun
The airport data of the 34 key areas along One Belt One Road were first collected from the Internet and then re-processed. First, Using several key words about airport, web pages were then collected by Google and Baidu search engine. We analyze the information on the webpage and check the statistics and characteristics of the airport.The core information such as the location, name, type, size and country of each airport in the 34 key node areas is extracted. Based on statistical data and web information, it is finally integrated into a data product of airport infrastructure elements. This data can provide important basic data for the development of socio-economic infrastructure, transportation and other research on key area and regions of the Belt and Road.
GE Yong, LING Feng
Third Pole 1:100,000 airport and runway data set include：airport（Tibet_Airport）and(Tibet_Airport_runways) vector space data set and its attribute name:Airport name(Name）、Name of airport（CNTRY_NAME）、Airport country abbreviation（CNTRY_CODE）、latitude（LATITUDE）、longitude（LONGITUDE）. The data comes from the 1:100,000 ADC_WorldMap global data set，The data through topology, warehousing and other data quality inspection，Data through the topology, into the library，It's comprehensive, up-to-date and seamless geodigital data. The world map coordinate system is latitude and longitude, D_WGS_1984 datum surface
Antarctic 1:100,000 airport distribution data set includes vector space data and related attribute data of airports (Antarctic_Airport) and airport runways (Antarctic_Airport_runways)：Airport Name(Name), airport country Name（CNTRY_NAME）, airport country abbreviation（CNTRY_CODE）, LATITUDE, LONGITUDE. The data comes from the 1:100,000 ADC_WorldMap global data set，The data through topology, warehousing and other data quality inspection，Data through the topology, into the library，It's comprehensive, up-to-date and seamless geodigital data. The world map coordinate system is latitude and longitude, WGS84 datum surface，Antarctic specific projection parameters（South_Pole_Stereographic）.
Arctic 1:100,000 airport distribution data set includes vector space data and related attribute data of airports (Arctic_Airport) and airport runway (Arctic_Airport_runways) in the arctic range: airport Name, airport country Name, airport country abbreviation (CNTRY_CODE), LATITUDE and LONGITUDE. The data comes from the 1:100,000 ADC_WorldMap global data set, which is a comprehensive, up-to-date and seamless geographic digital data after the data quality inspection of topology, warehousing and other data. The world map coordinate system is latitude and longitude, WGS84 datum surface, and the arctic data set is the special projection parameter for the arctic (North_Pole_Stereographic).
In order to explore how and when turnip was successfully domesticated the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau and what is the relationship between turnip domestication and early human settlement on the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau and human migration along the ancient Silk Road, the whole genome De Novo sequencing of a self-bred F1 variety on Qinghai-Xizang Plateau was conducted, with the assembled genome size of 409.69 Mb,Contig N50 was 1.21 Mb in June 2018 using Pacbio sequencing. Those data will provide a genetic basis for elucidating the relationship between plant disperse and human activities. As we know, traditional turnip landrace is influenced by human domestication and nature selection. Hopefully, the study will help to understand the impacts of human selection on turnip genetic differentiation, and the adaptation mechanism of turnip in the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau.
This data set includes the biomass and photosynthesis observational data of the highland spring barley experimental plot at the Lhasa Farm Experimental Station and the meteorological data observationally obtained at the Damxung Grass Experimental Station. The time range is 2006-2009. Biomass observation method: The sampling area of each sample is 25 cm*25 cm. Photosynthetic data observation: The instrument is a LiCor-6400. The biomass data are manually entered according to the record book. The photosynthetic data are automatically recorded by the instrument. The average wind speed, prevailing wind direction, temperature, atmospheric pressure and relative humidity in the daily values of meteorological data are averaged over half-hour data. The precipitation and total radiation data are automatically recorded by the observation system. The observation process of biomass data is in strict accordance with the agronomic method, and it can be applied to the estimation of agricultural productivity. In the process of photosynthetic data observation, the operation of the instrument and the selection of the observation object are strictly in accordance with professional requirements and can be used in photosynthetic parameter simulations estimating plant leaf and productivity. The Tibetan Plateau farmland ecosystem observation data includes: 1) aboveground biomass; 2) CO2 response photosynthetic data; 3) light-response photosynthetic data; and 4) daily meteorological data in Damxung Monitoring Point. Data collection locations: Lhasa Agricultural Ecology Experimental Station, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Longitude: 91°20’, Latitude: 29°41’, Altitude: 3688 m and Damxung Alpine Meadow Carbon Flux Observation Station, Longitude: 91°05′, Latitude: 30°25′, Altitude: 4333 m.
Contact SupportNorthwest Institute of Eco-Environment and Resources, CAS 0931-4967287 firstname.lastname@example.org
LinksNational Tibetan Plateau Data Center