Current Browsing: Visible remote sensing

Global average annual snow cover proportion data (2000-2021)

The fractional snow cover (FSC) is the ratio of snow cover area (SCA) to unit pixel area. The data set is made by bv-blrm snow area proportional linear regression empirical model; The source data used are mod09ga 500m global daily surface reflectance products and mod09a1 500m 8-day synthetic global surface reflectance products; The production platform uses Google Earth engine; The data range is global, the data preparation time is from 2000 to 2021, the spatial resolution is 500 meters, and the temporal resolution is year by year. This set of data can provide quantitative information of snow cover distribution for regional climate simulation and hydrological models.


WATER: PROBA CHRIS dataset (2008-2009)

Proba (project for on board autonomy) is the smallest earth observation satellite launched by ESA in 2001. Chris (compact high resolution imaging Spectrometer) is the most important imaging spectrophotometer on the platform of proba. It has five imaging modes. With its excellent spectral spatial resolution and multi angle advantages, it can image land, ocean and inland water respectively for different research purposes. It is the only on-board sensor in the world that can obtain hyperspectral and multi angle data at the same time. It has high spatial resolution, wide spectral range, and can collect rich information in biophysics, biochemistry, etc. At present, there are 23 scenes of proba Chris data in Heihe River Basin. The coverage and acquisition time are as follows: 4 scenes in Arjun dense observation area, 2008-11-18, 2008-12-05, 2009-03-29, 2009-05-22; 1 scene in pingdukou dense observation area, 2009-07-13; 7 scenes in Binggou basin dense observation area, 2008-11-19, 2008-11-26, 2008-12-06, 2009-01-10, 2009-03-04, 2009-03-30, 2009-03-31; dayokou basin dense observation area, 2009-07-13 There are two views in the observation area, 2008-10-23, 2009-06-08; one in Linze area, 2008-06-23; one in Minle area, 2008-10-22; seven in Yingke oasis dense observation area, 2008-04-30, 2008-05-09, 2008-06-04, 2008-07-01, 2008-07-19, 2009-05-31, 2009-08-10. The product level is L1 without geometric correction. Except that there are only four angles for the images of 2009-03-29 and 2009-05-24 in the Arjun encrypted observation area, each image has five different angles. The remote sensing data set of the comprehensive remote sensing joint experiment of Heihe River, proba Chris, was obtained through the "dragon plan" project (Project No.: 5322) (see the data use statement for details).


WATER: MODIS dataset

This is the MODIS data with 499 scenes covering the whole Heihe River basin in 2008 and 2009. The acquisition time is from 2008-04-23 to 2008-09-30 (295 scenes), and from 2009-05-01 to 2009-10-01 (204 scenes). MODIS data products have 36 channels with resolutions of 250m, 500m and 1000m respectively. The data format is pds, unprocessed, and the MODIS processing software is filed together with the original data. MODIS remote sensing data of Heihe Integrated Remote Sensing Joint Test are provided by Gansu Meteorological Bureau.



ALOS PRISM dataset includes 13 scenes; one covers the A'rou foci experimental area on Mar. 19, 2008, one covers the Haichaoba on Mar. 19, 2008, one covers the Biandukou foci experimental area on Apr. 17, 2008, and one covers the Linze grassland and Linze station foci experimental areas on Apr. 22, 2008. The data version is LB2, which was released after radiometric correction and geometric correction.


HiWATER:Landsat ETM+ dataset (2012)

This dataset includes five scenes, covering the artificial oasis eco-hydrology experimental area of the Heihe River Basin, which were acquired on (yy-mm-dd) 2012-04-05, 2012-04-21, 2012-05-07, 2012-06-24, 2012-07-10. The data were all acquired around 11:50 (BJT) with data product of Level 2. Landsat ETM+ dataset was downloaded from


Glacier velocity of the Central Karakoram (Version 1.0) (1999-2003)

Under the background of global warming, mountain glaciers worldwide are facing strong ablation and retreat, but from existing field observations, it is found that most of the glaciers in the Karakorum region remain stable or are advancing, which is called the "Karakorum anomaly". Glacier surface velocity is an important parameter for studying glacier dynamics and mass balance. Studying the temporal and spatial variation characteristics of glacier velocity in central Karakorum is significant for understanding the dynamic characteristics of the glacier in this region and its response to climate change. Four pairs of Landsat 7 ETM+ images acquired in 1999 to 2003 (images acquired on 1999.7.16, 2000.6.16, 2001.7.21, 2002.8.9, 2002.4.19, 2003.3.21) were selected; using the panchromatic band with a resolution of 15 m, each pair of images was accurately registered, and then cross-correlation calculations were then performed on each image pair after registration to obtain the surface velocity of the glacier in the central Karakorum region from 1999 to 2003. Due to the lack of velocity observation data in the study area, the accuracy of the ice flow results is estimated using the offset value of the stable region, and the surface velocity error of the glacier is approximately ±7 m/year. The glacier velocity data dates are from 1999 to 2003, with a temporal resolution of one year. They cover the central Karakorum region, with a spatial resolution of 30 m. The data are stored as a GeoTIFF file every year. For details regarding the data, please refer to the data description.


Integrated remote sensing experiment of Heihe River: ENVISAT AATSR remote sensing data set

Advanced along orbit scanning radiometer (AATSR) is an advanced tracking scanning radiometer sensor mounted on the European Space Agency ENVISAT satellite. It is one of many high-precision and stable infrared radiometers for retrieving sea surface temperature (SST). Its accuracy can reach 0.3k, and it can also be used to record meteorological data. AATSR is a multi-channel imaging radiometer. Its main goal is to provide global ocean surface temperature with high accuracy and stability for monitoring the earth's climate change. At present, there are 38 ENVISAT AATSR images in Heihe River Basin. The acquisition time is 2008-05-17 (2 scenes), 2008-05-27 (2 scenes), 2008-05-30 (2 scenes), 2008-06-02 (2 scenes), 2008-06-12 (2 scenes), 2008-06-15 (2 scenes), 2008-06-18 (2 scenes), 2008-06-21 (2 scenes), 2008-07-04 (2 scenes), 2008-07-072008-07-102008-07-172008-07-202008-07-232008-07-262008-08-022008-08-052008-08-082008 -08-11,2008-08-14,2008-08-21,2008-08-24,2008-08-27,2008-08-30,2008-09-06,2008-09-12,2008-09-15,2008-09-18,2008-09-25。 The product level is L1B, which has been corrected by radiation but not by geometry. The ENVISAT AATSR remote sensing data set of Heihe comprehensive remote sensing joint test was obtained through the China EU "dragon plan" project (Project No.: 5322) (see the data use statement for details).


Heihe integrated remote sensing joint experiment: ASTER Remote Sensing Data Set (2007-2008)

ASTER data in 2007 and 2008 are 15 scenes, covering the whole Heihe River Basin. Acquisition time: 2007-10-22 (1 scene), 2007-11-14 (1 scene), 2007-11-23 (1 scene), 2007-12-04 (1 scene), 2008-01-28 (1 scene), 2008-02-13 (1 scene), 2008-05-03 (4 scenes), 2008-05-05 (1 scene), 2008-05-17 (1 scene), 2008-06-04 (2 scenes), 2008-06-13 (1 scene). The product level is L1B, which has been calibrated by radiation and geometry. The ASTER Remote sensing data set of Heihe integrated remote sensing joint experiment was obtained from NASA's data website ( through international cooperation.


WATER: Dataset of ground truth measurements for snow synchronizing with the airborne PHI mission in the Binggou watershed foci experimental area (Mar. 24, 2008)

The dataset of ground truth measurements for snow synchronizing with the airborne PHI mission was obtained in the Binggou watershed foci experimental area on Mar. 24, 2008. Observation items included: (1) Snow density, snow complex permittivity, snow volumetric moisture and snow gravimetric moisture by the Snowfork in BG-A. (2) Snow parameters as the snow surface temperature by the handheld infrared thermometer, the snow layer temperature by the probe thermometer, the snow grain size by the handheld microscope, and snow density by the aluminum case in BG-A1, BG-A2, BG-B, BG-D, BG-E and BG-F5 (three sampling units each) from 11:11-12:35 (BJT) with the airplane overpass. 64 points were selected by four groups. (3) Snow albedo by the total radiometer in BG-A. (4) The snow spectrum by ASD (Xinjiang Meteorological Administration) in BG-A11 Two files including raw data and preprocessed data were archived.