The compilation basis of frozen soil map includes: (1) frozen soil field survey, exploration and measurement data; (2) aerial photo and satellite image interpretation; (3) topo300 1km resolution ground elevation data; (4) temperature and ground temperature data. Among them, the distribution of permafrost in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau adopts the research results of nanzhuo Tong et al. (2002). Using the measured annual average ground temperature data of 76 boreholes along the Qinghai Tibet highway, regression statistical analysis is carried out to obtain the relationship between the annual average ground temperature and latitude, elevation, and based on this relationship, combined with the gtopo30 elevation data (developed under the leadership of the center for earth resources observation and science and technology, USGS) Global 1 km DEM data) to simulate the annual mean ground temperature distribution over the whole Tibetan Plateau. Taking the annual average ground temperature of 0.5 ℃ as the boundary between permafrost and seasonal permafrost, the boundary between discontinuous Permafrost on the plateau and island Permafrost on the plateau is delimited by referring to the map of ice and snow permafrost in China (1:4 million) (Shi Yafeng et al., 1988); in addition, the division map of Permafrost on the big and small Xing'an Mountains in the Northeast (Guo Dongxin et al., 1981), the distribution map of permafrost and underground ice around the Arctic (b According to rown et al. 1997) and the latest field survey data, the Permafrost Boundary in Northeast China has been revised; the Permafrost Boundary in Northwest mountains mostly uses the boundary defined in the map of ice and snow permafrost in China (1:4 million) (Shi Yafeng et al., 1988). According to the data, the area of permafrost in China is about 1.75 × 106km2, accounting for about 18.25% of China's territory. Among them, alpine permafrost is 0.29 × 106km2, accounting for about 3.03% of China's territory. For more information, please refer to the specification of "1:4 million map of glacial and frozen deserts in China" (Institute of environment and Engineering in cold and dry areas, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 2006)
At the end of September and the beginning of October, 2013, desert plants in typical areas of heihe basin stopped their growth period to conduct year-end ecological survey. There are altogether 8 survey and observation fields, which are: piedmont desert, piedmont gobi, middle reaches desert, middle reaches gobi, middle reaches desert, lower reaches desert, lower reaches gobi and lower reaches desert, with a size of 40m×40m. Three 20m×20m large quadrats were fixed in each observation field, named S1, S2 and S3, and regular shrub surveys were conducted.Each large quadrat was fixed with 4 5m x 5m small quadrats, named A, B, C, D, for the herbal survey.
As determined in mid-august 2013, planting species: bubbly spines (different habitats are mid-range intermountain lowland and gobi), red sand (different habitats are mid-range gobi and downstream gobi). Using the brother company of LI - 6400 Portable Photosynthesis System (Portable Photosynthesis System, LI - COR, USA) and LI - 3100 leaf area meter, etc., to the desert plant photosynthetic physiological characteristics were observed. The symbolic meaning of the observed data is as follows: Obs，observation frequency ； Photo ，net photosynthetic rate，μmol CO2•m–2•s–1； Cond stomatal conductance，mol H2O•m–2•s–1 ; Ci, Intercellular CO2 concentration, μmol CO2•mol-1； Trmmol，transpiration rate，mmol H2O•m–2•s–1； Vpdl，Vapor pressure deficit，kPa； Area，leaf area，cm2； Tair，free air temperature ，℃； Tleaf，Leaf temperature，℃； CO2R，Reference chamber CO2 concentration，μmol CO2•mol-1； CO2S，Sample chamber CO2 concentration，μmol CO2•mol-1； H2OR，Reference chamber moisture，mmol H2O•mol-1； H2OS，Sample chamber moisture，mmol H2O•mol-1； PARo，photon flux density，μmol•m–2•s–1； RH-R，Reference room air relative humidity，%； RH-S，Relative humidity of air in sample room，%； PARi，Photosynthetic effective radiation，μmol•m–2•s–1； Press，barometric pressure，kPa； Others are the state parameters of the instrument at the time of measurement.
In mid-july 2011, photosynthetic organs (leaves or assimilating branches) of typical desert plants were collected and brought back to the laboratory in a liquid nitrogen tank for determination. The analysis indexes mainly include soluble protein unit: mg/g;Free amino acid unit: g/g;Chlorophyll content unit: mg/g;Superoxide dismutase (SOD) unit: U/g FW;Catalase (CAT) unit: U/(g•min);POD unit: U/(g•min);Proline (Pro) unit: g/g; Soluble sugar unit: g/g;Malondialdehyde (MDA) is given in moles per liter.
On the basis of physiological and biochemical analysis of photosynthetic organs (leaves or assimilating branches) of typical desert plants in heihe river basin collected in mid-july 2011, some photosynthetic organs of desert plants were collected in mid-july 2012 and put into a liquid nitrogen tank and brought back to the laboratory for determination. Physiological analysis indexes mainly include: soluble protein unit: mg/g;Free amino acid unit: g/g;Chlorophyll content unit: mg/g;Superoxide dismutase (SOD) unit: U/g FW;Catalase (CAT) unit: U/(g•min);POD unit: U/(g•min);Proline (Pro) unit: g/g; Soluble sugar unit: g/g;Malondialdehyde (MDA) is given in moles per liter.
The data set is the physiological and ecological parameters of the dominant species of each ecosystem in Heihe River Basin. According to the requirements of tesim model, the data set divides Heihe River basin into seven ecosystems: deciduous broad-leaved forest ecosystem (BRD), evergreen coniferous forest ecosystem (CNF), agricultural field ecosystem (CRP), desert ecosystem (DST), meadow grassland ecosystem (MDS) Shrubbery ecosystem (SHB) and grassland ecosystem (STP). Some of the data in this data set are based on the measured data, some are obtained by reference documents, but after verification, they are applied to the Heihe River Basin. For the data in this data, each parameter of each ecosystem has three values, which are the value in the model, the minimum value and the maximum value of this parameter. The data can provide input parameters for the ecological process model, and the data set is still in further optimization.
The dataset investigated the growth status of plants and leaf morphological indexes of single and conjoined red sand and pearl in the middle and lower reaches of heihe river basin in 2013. The growth indexes were crown width, plant height, and biomass of fine roots and thick roots.Leaf shape indicators are: length, width, thickness, and leaf area, volume, etc.The experimental observation indexes are: leaf nitrogen content, water potential, gas exchange data, chlorophyll fluorescence data. Data include: field observation data and explanatory documents.
Contact SupportNorthwest Institute of Eco-Environment and Resources, CAS 0931-4967287 email@example.com
LinksNational Tibetan Plateau Data Center