Current Browsing: Surface Water


Hourly meteorological forcing & land surface state dataset of Tibet Plateau with 10 km spatial resolution (2000-2010)

The near surface atmospheric forcing and surface state dataset of the Tibetan Plateau was yielded by WRF model, time range: 2000-2010, space range: 25-40 °N, 75-105 °E, time resolution: hourly, space resolution: 10 km, grid number: 150 * 300. There are 33 variables in total, including 11 near surface atmospheric variables: temperature at 2m height on the ground, specific humidity at 2m height on the ground, surface pressure, latitudinal component of 10m wind field on the ground, longitudinal component of 10m wind field on the ground, proportion of solid precipitation, cumulative cumulus convective precipitation, cumulative grid precipitation, downward shortwave radiation flux at the surface, downward length at the surface Wave radiation flux, cumulative potential evaporation. There are 19 surface state variables: soil temperature in each layer, soil moisture in each layer, liquid water content in each layer, heat flux of snow phase change, soil bottom temperature, surface runoff, underground runoff, vegetation proportion, surface heat flux, snow water equivalent, actual snow thickness, snow density, water in the canopy, surface temperature, albedo, background albedo, lower boundary Soil temperature, upward heat flux (sensible heat flux) at the surface and upward water flux (sensible heat flux) at the surface. There are three other variables: longitude, latitude and planetary boundary layer height.

2022-05-17

Data of annual lake area in the endorheic basin of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau from 1986 to 2019

This data provides the annual lake area of ​​582 lakes with an area greater than 1 km2 in the enorheic basin of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau from 1986 to 2019. First, based on JRC and SRTM DEM data, 582 lakes are identified in the area that are larger than 1 km2. All Landsat 5/7/8 remote sensing images covering a lake are used to make annual composite images. NDWI index and Ostu algorithm were used to dynamically segment lakes, and the size of each lake from 1986 to 2019 is then calculated. This study is based on the Landsat satellite remote sensing images, and using Google Earth Engine allowed us to process all Landsat images available to create the most complete annual lake area data set of more than 1 km2 in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau area; A set of lake area automatic extraction algorithms were developed to calculate of the area of ​​a lake for many years; This data is of great significance for the analysis of lake area dynamics and water balance in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau region, as well as the study of the climate change of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau lake.

2022-04-19

Glacier melt runoff data of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau (2020)

Glacier is the supply water source of rivers in the western mountainous area, and it is one of the most basic elements for people to survive and develop industry, agriculture and animal husbandry in the western region. Glaciers are not only valuable fresh water resources, but also the source of serious natural disasters in mountainous areas, such as sudden ice lake outburst flood, glacier debris flow and ice avalanche. Glacier hydrological monitoring is the basis for studying the characteristics of glacier melt water, the replenishment of glacier melt water to rivers, the relationship between glacier surface ablation and runoff, the process of ice runoff and confluence, and the calculation and prediction of floods and debris flows induced by glacier and seasonal snow melt water. Glacial hydrology refers to the water and heat conditions of glacial covered basins (i.e. glacial action areas), that is, the water and heat exchange between glaciers and their surrounding environment, the physical process of water accumulation and flow on the surface, inside and bottom of glaciers, the water balance of glaciers, the replenishment of glacial melt water to rivers, and the impact of water bodies in cold regions on climate change. At present, hydrological monitoring stations are mainly established at the outlet of the river basin to carry out field monitoring《 Glacial water resources of China (1991), hydrology of cold regions of China (2000) and glacial Hydrology (2001) summarize the early studies on glacial hydrology. China has carried out glacier hydrological monitoring on more than 20 glaciers in Tianshan, Karakorum, West Kunlun, Qilian, Tanggula, Nianqing Tanggula, gangrigab, Hengduan and Himalayas. This data set is the monthly runoff data of representative glaciers.

2022-04-19

Sounding data of lakes in Qinghai Tibet Plateau (2000,2018)

The data consists of three fields: longitude, latitude and lake depth. Using sonar equipment to measure the depth of water on the lake, GPS synchronous measurement of longitude and latitude. The salinity and temperature data of lake water are used to correct the depth data measured by sonar, and the outliers are eliminated. The underwater topographic map of lake can be formed by interpolation of water depth data. Using the underwater topographic map, the water storage of lakes can be calculated and the total water quantity of lakes in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau can be evaluated. The underwater topographic map combined with remote sensing data can also be used to study the characteristics and influencing factors of lake water quantity variation in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau, which is an important part of the study of water quantity variation in the Asian water tower.

2022-04-18

The measured and simulated data set of lake water storage in Qinghai Province (2000-2019)

The data set consists of four sub tables, which are remote sensing monitoring of Lake area from 2000 to 2019, total lake water storage based on underwater 3D simulation model, Lake area volume equation based on underwater 3D simulation model, and key parameters and results of water storage measurement and Simulation of 24 typical lakes in Qinghai Province. The first sub table is the time series Lake area data from 2000 to 2019 from remote sensing image data monitoring. The third sub table stores the area storage capacity equation of the lake based on the underwater three-dimensional simulation model of the lake. The second sub table is the estimation result by combining the time series Lake area data and the area storage capacity equation, Finally, the key parameters and results of water storage measurement and Simulation of 24 typical lakes in Qinghai Province from 2000 to 2019 are obtained, including simulated water depth, maximum water depth, simulated reference water level and corresponding Lake area of each lake, which are stored in the fourth sub table.

2022-04-18

Glacier melt runoff data of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau (2019-2021)

Glacier is the supply water source of rivers in the western mountainous area, and it is one of the most basic elements for people to survive and develop industry, agriculture and animal husbandry in the western region. Glaciers are not only valuable fresh water resources, but also the source of serious natural disasters in mountainous areas, such as sudden ice lake outburst flood, glacier debris flow and ice avalanche. Glacier hydrological monitoring is the basis for studying the characteristics of glacier melt water, the replenishment of glacier melt water to rivers, the relationship between glacier surface ablation and runoff, the process of ice runoff and confluence, and the calculation and prediction of floods and debris flows induced by glacier and seasonal snow melt water. Glacial hydrology refers to the water and heat conditions of glacial covered basins (i.e. glacial action areas), that is, the water and heat exchange between glaciers and their surrounding environment, the physical process of water accumulation and flow on the surface, inside and bottom of glaciers, the water balance of glaciers, the replenishment of glacial melt water to rivers, and the impact of water bodies in cold regions on climate change. At present, hydrological monitoring stations are mainly established at the outlet of the river basin to carry out field monitoring《 Glacial water resources of China (1991), hydrology of cold regions of China (2000) and glacial Hydrology (2001) summarize the early studies on glacial hydrology. China has carried out glacier hydrological monitoring on more than 20 glaciers in Tianshan, Karakorum, West Kunlun, Qilian, Tanggula, Nianqing Tanggula, gangrigab, Hengduan and Himalayas. This data set is the monthly runoff data of representative glaciers.

2022-04-18

In-situ water quality parameters of the lakes on the Tibetan Plateau (2009-2020)

This dataset provides the in-situ lake water parameters of 124 closed lakes with a total lake area of 24,570 km2, occupying 53% of the total lake area of the TP.These in-situ water quality parameters include water temperature, salinity, pH,chlorophyll-a concentration, blue-green algae (BGA) concentration, turbidity, dissolved oxygen (DO), fluorescent dissolved organic matter (fDOM), and water clarity of Secchi Depth (SD).

2022-04-18

Spatial distribution of measured salinity of lakes on TP

Lake salinity is an important parameter of lake water environment, an important embodiment of water resources, and an important part of climate change research. This data is based on the measured salinity data of lakes in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau. The salinity is characterized by the practical salinity unit (PSU), which is converted from the specific conductivity (SPC) measured by the conductivity sensor. ArcGIS software was used to convert the measured data into space vector format. SHP format, and the measured salinity spatial distribution data file was obtained. The data can be used as the basic data of lake environment, hydrology, water ecology, water resources and other related research reference.

2022-04-18

Hydrological data set of surface process and environment observation network in alpine region of China (2019)

Based on the long-term observation data of the field stations in the alpine network and the overseas stations in the pan third polar region, a series of data sets of meteorological, hydrological and ecological elements in the pan third polar region are established; through the intensive observation and sample plot and sample point verification in key areas, the inversion of meteorological elements, lake water and water quality, aboveground vegetation biomass, glacier and frozen soil change and other data products are completed; based on the Internet of things, the data products are retrieved Network technology, research and establish meteorological, hydrological, ecological data management platform of multi station networking, to achieve real-time data acquisition and remote control and sharing. The hydrological data set of the surface process and environment observation network in China's alpine regions in 2019 mainly collects the measured hydrological (runoff, water level, water temperature, etc.) data at six stations, including Southeast Tibet station, Zhufeng station, Yulong Snow Mountain station, Namco station, Ali station and Tianshan station. Southeast Tibet station: flow data, including 4 times of using M9 to measure flow in 2019, including average velocity, flow and maximum water depth; relative water level data is measured by hobo pressure water level meter, including daily average relative water level and water temperature data in 2019. Namco station: discharge data, including the data measured by domestic ls-1206b hand-held current meter for 4 times in 2019, including river width and flow data. The water level data is measured by hobo pressure water level meter, including the water pressure, water temperature and electricity of the original 1 hour in 2019. The relative water level can be calculated by water pressure; Everest station: rongbuhe river discharge, including river width and discharge data measured by domestic ls-1206b hand-held current meter 13 times from June to September 2019; Ali station: flow data: including 22 times of irregular measurement data by river anchor M9 in 2019, and relative water level data measured by hobo pressure water level meter, including hourly water level and water temperature data of the whole year in 2019; Tianshan station: water level data: including daily average water level of 3 points in 2019 Yulong Xueshan station: including mujiaqiao flow data from January to October in 2019

2022-04-18

Hydrological data of Kafinigan hydrological station in Amu Darya River Basin,Central Asia (2020)

This data is from the hydrological station of kafinigan River, a tributary of the upper Amu Darya River. The station is jointly built by Urumqi Institute of desert meteorology of China Meteorological Administration, Institute of water energy and ecology of Tajik National Academy of Sciences and Tajik hydrometeorological Bureau. The data can be used for scientific research such as water resources assessment and water conservancy projects in Central Asia. Data period: November 3, 2019 to December 3, 2020. Data elements: Hourly velocity (M / s), hourly water level (m) and hourly rainfall (m). Site location: 37 ° 36 ′ 01 ″ n, 68 ° 08 ′ 01 ″ e, 420m 1、 300w-qx River velocity and water level observation instrument (1) Flow rate parameters: 1 power supply voltage 12 (9 ~ 27) V (DC) The working current is 120 (110 ~ 135) MA 3 working temperature (- 40 ~ 85) ℃ 4 measurement range (0.15 ~ 20) m / S The measurement accuracy is ± 0.02m/s The resolution is less than 1 mm The detection range is less than 0.1 ~ 50 m 8 installation height 0.15 ~ 25 m 9 sampling frequency < 20sps (2) Water level parameters: 1 measuring range: 0.5 ~ 20 m The measurement accuracy is ± 3 mm The resolution is less than 1 mm The repeatability was ± 1 mm 2、 SL3-1 tipping bucket rain sensor 1. Water bearing diameter Φ 200mm 2. The measured precipitation intensity is less than 4mm / min 3. Minimum precipitation of 0.1 mm 4. The maximum allowable error is ± 4% mm 3、 Flow velocity, frequency of data acquisition of the observation instrument: the sensor measures the flow velocity and water level data every 5S 4、 Calculation of hourly average velocity: the hourly average velocity and water level data are obtained from the average of all the velocity and water level data measured every 5S within one hour 5、 Description of a large number of values of 0 in water level data: the value of 0 in water level data is caused by power failure and restart of sensor due to insufficient power supply. The first data of initial start-up is 0, resulting in the hourly average value of 0. After the power supply transformation on July 26, 2020, the data returned to normal. At the end of September 2020, the power supply began to be insufficient. After the secondary power supply transformation on December 25, 2020, the data returned to normal 6、 Description of water level monitoring (such as line 7358, 2020 / 11 / 3, 16:00, maximum water level 6.7m, minimum water level 0m, how to explain? In addition, the maximum value of the highest water level is 6.7m, which appears many times in the data. It seems that 6.7m is the limit value of the monitoring data. Is this the case? ): 6.7m is the height from the initial sensor to the bottom of the river bed. The appearance of 6.7m is the abnormal data when the sensor is just started. The sensor is restarted due to the power failure caused by the insufficient power supply of the equipment. This abnormal value appears in the initial start-up. After the power supply transformation on December 25, 2020, the data returns to normal

2022-04-18