Global ocean temperature and ocean wind dataset (1990-2018)

Global ocean temperature and ocean wind dataset (1990-2018)

A gridded ocean temperature dataset with complete global ocean coverage is a highly valuable resource for the understanding of climate change and climate variability. The Institute of Atmospheric Physics (IAP) provides a new objective analysis of historical ocean subsurface temperature since 1990 for the upper 2000m through several innovative steps. The first was to use an updated set of past observations that had been newly corrected for biases (e.g., in XBTs). The XBT bias was corrected by CH14 scheme, which is recommended by the XBT community. The second was to use co-variability between values at different places in the ocean and background information from a number of climate models that included a comprehensive ocean model. The third was to extend the influence of each observation over larger areas, recognizing the relative homogeneity of the vast open expanses of the southern oceans. Then the observations were also used to provide finer scale detail. Finally, the new analysis was carefully evaluated by using the knowledge of recent well-observed ocean states, but subsampled using the sparse distribution of observations in the more distant past to show that the method produces unbiased historical reconstruction.

The ocean wind data set is constructed using RSS Version-7 microwave radiometer wind speed data. The input microwave data are processed by Remote Sensing Systems with funding from the NASA MEaSUREs Program and from the NASA Earth Science Physical Oceanography Program. This wind speed product is intended for climate study as the input data have been carefully intercalibrated and consistently processed.

Each netCDF file contains:

1) monthly means of wind speed, grid size 360x180xnumber of all months since Jan 1988(increases over time)

2) a 12-month set of climatology wind speed, grid size 360x180, the climatology is an average calculated over the 20-year period 1988-2007

3) monthly anomalies of wind speed derived by subtracting the above climatology maps from the monthly means, grid size 360x180x#months since Jan 1988 (increases over time)

4) a wind speed trend map, grid size 360x180, the trend is calculated from 1988-01-01 to the latest complete calendar year

5) a time-latitude plot (a minimum of 10% of latitude cells is required for valid data), grid size 180x#months since Jan 1988 (increases over time).

File naming and required software

In .nc (netcdf) file format, can be opened and analysed in MATLAB software.

Data Citations Data citation guideline What's data citation?
Cite as:

Ge, Y., Li, Q., Dong, W. (2020). Global ocean temperature and ocean wind dataset (1990-2018). A Big Earth Data Platform for Three Poles, DOI: 10.11888/Disas.tpdc.270421. (Download the reference: RIS | Bibtex )

Related Literatures:

1. Cheng L. and J. Zhu, 2016, Benefits of CMIP5 multimodel ensemble in reconstructing historical ocean subsurface temperature variation, Journal of Climate. 29(15),5393-5416,doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-15-0730.1( View Details | Download | Bibtex)

2. Wentz, F.J., Ricciardulli, L., Hilburn, K., & Mears, C. (2007). How much more rain will global warming bring?. Science, 317(5835), 233-235.( View Details | Download | Bibtex)

Using this data, the data citation is required to be referenced and the related literatures are suggested to be cited.

Copyright & License

To respect the intellectual property rights, protect the rights of data authors, expand services of the data center, and evaluate the application potential of data, data users should clearly indicate the source of the data and the author of the data in the research results generated by using the data (including published papers, articles, data products, and unpublished research reports, data products and other results). For re-posting (second or multiple releases) data, the author must also indicate the source of the original data.

License: This work is licensed under an Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)

Related Resources

No record

No record

No record


Current page automatically show English comments Show comments in all languages

FTP Download Info

Ftp server:

Ftp username: download_090154

Ftp password: 57930764

The volume of this dataset is bigger than 1 GB. Please use FTP client tools (Filezilla or other else).
Geographic coverage
East: 180.00 West: -180.00
South: -90.00 North: 90.00
  • Temporal resolution: Monthly
  • Spatial resolution: 100km - 1000km
  • File size: 1,876 MB
  • Views: 4,259
  • Downloads: 72
  • Access: Open Access
  • Temporal coverage: 1990-01-28 To 2019-01-27
  • Updated time: 2021-04-19
: GE Yong   LI Qiangzi   DONG Wen  

Distributor: A Big Earth Data Platform for Three Poles


Export metadata